Table Tennis | Table Tennis | Racquet Sports

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Table tennis From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Ping Pong redirects here. For other uses, see Ping Pong (disambiguation). Table tennis Table tennis at the highest level Highest governing body ITTF First played 1880s England Characteristics Contact No Team members Single or doubles Categorization Racquet sport, indoor Equipment Celluloid, 40 mm Olympic 1988 Table tennis, also known as ping-pong, is a sport in which two or four players hit a lightweight, hollow ball back and forth using tabl
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  Table tennis From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Ping Pong redirects here. For other uses, seePing Pong (disambiguation).Table tennisTable tennis at the highest level Highestgoverning body ITTF First played 1880s England CharacteristicsContact  No Team members Single or doubles Categorization Racquet sport, indoor  Equipment Celluloid,40 mm Olympic 1988 Table tennis , also known as ping-pong , is asportin which two or four players hit alightweight, hollow ball back and forth usingtable tennis rackets. The game takes place on a hard tabledivided by a net. Except for the initial serve, players must allow a ball played toward them only one bounce on their side of the table and must return it so that it bounces on the opposite side. Points arescored when a player fails to return the ball within the rules. Play is fast and demands quick reactions.A skilled player can impart several varieties of spinto the ball, altering its trajectory and limiting anopponent's options to great advantage.Table tennis is controlled by the worldwide organizationInternational Table Tennis Federation(ITTF),founded in 1926. ITTF currently includes 215 member associations. The table tennis official rules arespecified in the ITTF handbook. Since 1988, table tennis has been anOlympic sport, with several eventcategories. In particular, from 1988 until 2004, these were: men's singles, women's singles, men'sdoubles and women's doubles. Since 2008 the doubles have been replaced by the team events.  History Parker Brothers Ping Pong game. The game srcinated as a sport in Britain during the 1880s, where it was played among theupper-class as an after-dinner  parlour game, then commonly known as wiff-waff   . A row of bookswere stood up along the center of the table as a net, two more books served as rackets and were used tocontinuously hit a golf-ball from one end of the table to the other. Alternatively table tennis was playedwith paddles made of cigar box lids and balls made of champagne corks. The popularity of the gameled game manufacturers to sell the equipment commercially. Early rackets were often pieces of  parchmentstretched upon a frame, and the sound generated in play gave the game its first nicknames of  wiff-waff   and ping-pong   . A number of sources indicate that the game was first brought to theattention of Hamley's of Regent Streetunder the name Gossima . The name ping-pong was in wideuse before British manufacturer J. Jaques & Son Ltdtrademarkedit in 1901. The name ping-pong then came to be used for the game played by the rather expensive Jaquesses equipment, with other manufacturers calling it table tennis. A similar situation arose in the United States, whereJaquessoldthe rights to the ping-pong name toParker Brothers.The next major innovation was by James Gibb, a British enthusiast of table tennis, whodiscovered noveltycelluloidballs on a trip to the US in 1901 and found them to be ideal for the game.This was followed by E.C. Goode who, in 1901, invented the modern version of the racket by fixing asheet of pimpled, or stippled,rubber to the wooden blade. Table tennis was growing in popularity by1901 to the extent that table tennis tournaments were being organized, books on table tennis were beingwritten, and an unofficial world championship was held in 1902. During the early 1900s, the game was banned in Russia because the rulers at the time believed that playing the game had an adverse effect on players' eyesight.In 1921, the Table Tennis Association was founded in Britain, and theInternational Table Tennis Federationfollowed in 1926. London hosted the first officialWorld Championshipsin 1926. In 1933, theUnited States Table Tennis Association, now called USA Table Tennis, was formed.In the 1950s, rackets that used a rubber sheet combined with an underlying sponge layer changed the game dramatically, introducing greater spin and speed. These were introduced to Britain   by sports goods manufacturer S.W. Hancock Ltd. The use of speed glueincreased the spin and speedeven further, resulting in changes to the equipment to slow the game down . Table tennis wasintroduced as an Olympic sport at theOlympics in 1988.After the2000 Summer OlympicsinSydney, theInternational Table Tennis Federation  instituted several rules changes aimed at making table tennis more viable as a televised spectator sport.First, the older 38 mm balls were officially replaced by 40 mm balls in 2000. This increased the ball'sair resistance and effectively slowed down the game. By that time, players had begun increasing thethickness of the fastspongelayer on their rackets, which made the game excessively fast and difficultto watch on television. Second, the ITTF changed from a 21-point to an 11-point scoring system in2001. This was intended to make games more fast-paced and exciting. The ITTF also changed the ruleson service to prevent a player from hiding the ball during service, in order to increase the averagelength of rallies and to reduce the server's advantage.Variants of the sport have recently emerged. Large-ball table tennis uses a 44 mm ball, whichslows down the game significantly. This has seen some acceptance by players who have a hard timewith the extreme spins and speeds of the 40 mm game.There is a move towards reviving the table tennis game that existed prior to the introduction of sponge rubber. Hardbat table tennis players reject the speed and spin of reversed sponge rubber, preferring the 1940–60s play style with no sponge and short-pimpled rubber. Defense is less difficult by decreasing the speed and eliminating any meaningfulmagnus effectof spin. Because hardbat killer shots are almost impossible to hit against a skilled player, hardbat matches focus on the strategic side of table tennis, requiring skillful maneuvering of the opponent before an attack can become successful.  Equipment Ball The international rules specify that the game is played with a light 2.7gram, 40 mm diameter  ball. The rules say that the ball shall bounce up 24–26 cm when dropped from a height of 30.5 cm on toa standard steel block thereby having acoefficient of restitutionof 0.89 to 0.92. The 40 mm ball wasintroduced after the 2000 Olympic Games. [13] However, this created some controversy as the Chinese National Team argued that this was merely to give non-Chinese players a better chance of winningsince the new type of balls has a slower speed, while at that time most Chinese players were playingwith fast attack and smashes. A 40 mm table tennis ball is slower and spins less than the srcinal38 mm (1.5 inch) one. The ball is made of a high-bouncing air-filledcelluloidor similar plasticsmaterial, colored white or orange, with amattefinish. The choice of ball color is made according to thetable color and its surroundings. For example, a white ball is easier to see on a green or blue table thanit is on a gray table. Stars on the ball indicate the quality of the ball. Three stars indicate that it is of thehighest quality, and is used in official competition.  TableDiagram of a table tennis table showing the unofficial dimensions The table is 2.74 m (9 ft) long, 1.52 m (5 ft) wide, and 76 cm (30 inch) high with aMasonite(atype of hardboard) or similarly manufactured timber, layered with a smooth, low-frictioncoating. Thetable or playing surface is divided into two halves by a 15.25 cm (6 inch) high net. An ITTF approvedtable surface must be in a green or blue color.
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