Spokane American Sign Language Study Guide 1 Draft Revision: 11/12/16 17:18:30 A11/P11

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Spokane American Sign Language Study Guide 1 Draft Revision: 11/12/16 17:18:30 A11/P11 Table of Contents 1 Overview Study Group Schedule WARM UP FINGER SPELLING NUMBERS...3 3
Spokane American Sign Language Study Guide 1 Draft Revision: 11/12/16 17:18:30 A11/P11 Table of Contents 1 Overview Study Group Schedule WARM UP FINGER SPELLING NUMBERS Most Frequently Used Vocabulary Basic Survival Vocabulary Interrogatives PRONOUNS RELATIONSHIPS TIME DAYS OF THE WEEK MONTHS OF THE YEAR SEASONS HOLIDAYS IMPERATIVES ADJECTIVES Emotions/Feelings/States of Being COLORS DIRECTIONS FOOD FRUITS AND VEGETABLES DRINKS Additional Vocabulary INSTITUTIONS PLACES SENTENCES STORY TIME SOCIAL TIME...16 1 Overview The purpose of this document is to provide an approximate guideline for the weekly ASL study group. THIS IS NOT WRITTEN IN STONE, MERELY A GUIDELINE. It can easily be changed, modified, tweaked, or disregarded as desired. This varies heavily based on who actually shows up to a session. Sometimes if everyone is more advanced, the more rudimentary parts can be skipped, whereas if there are more novice signers, it is encouraged to cover the basics, and who among the non-natively-signing couldn't use some improvement in reading/receiving finger spelling? Any parts can be used as much or as little as desired. It also encouraged to add to this document over time. It is planned to post this document as both a PDF and as a wiki page on the website, so that everyone (registered at can add, and modify this document over time. Please feel free to do so! Currently the following reference materials are regularly being used as guides (please feel free to others): A Basic Course In American Sign Language 2 nd Edition by T.J. Publishers A Basic Course In American Sign Language Student Study Guide by T.J. Publishers Learning American Sign Language 2 nd Edition Levels I & II by Pearson Education Lean American Sign Language Everything You Need to Start Signing Complete Beginner's Guide 800+ Signs, by James W. Guido Barron's 500 Flash Cards of American Sign Language by Geoffrey S. Poor. 1.1 Study Group Schedule First hour is generally for beginners to intermediates. Second hour is generally for intermediates and up. All times are just approximations, it varies greatly on who shows up (and they skill level). The schedule if given as a guideline for those who wish to show up for specific areas, though it is always best to try to participate for the full 2 hours. The first hour is mostly review/practice, the second hour is usually more social in interaction. First Hour (All signing levels, beginners and above) Meet and greet. Introduce each other and chat as people arrive. 5 4:00-4:05 Warm up with finger spelling alphabet and numbers. 5 minutes. 4:05-4:10 Then frequently used vocab. 20 minutes 4:10-4:30 Then one chapter/set of other vocab 20 minutes 4:30-4:50 Followed by corresponding chapter/set of sentences using that vocab. 10 minutes 4:50-5:00 Optional Second Hour (intermediates and above) Guided grammar & story time. 15 minutes 5:00-5:15 Free form story time. 30 minutes 5:15-5:45 Free form social time. 30+ minutes 5:45+ Finish. 2 WARM UP For those who are not signing on a regular, daily basis, warm up helps not only from the physical aspect of stretching out, but also getting mentally into the mode of signing, this is also a great chance for less experienced signers to ramp up quickly and not feel left in the dark as much during the more advanced stages, especially the social hour. Please note it is usually easier to sign with everyone sitting in a circle or roughly square, rather than a rectangle or scattered around the place. It is even better without tables between participants. 2.1 FINGER SPELLING Unless signing on a regular daily basis, most people struggle with finger spelling, especially reading someone else's finger spelling at higher speeds. Start out with finger spelling the alphabet. First begin very slowly especially if any beginners or ASL I level participants. Run through alphabet 5 times, each time a little faster. The fifth time is as fast as each person can handle. It is extremely important that each participant be WATCHING someone ELSE signing rather than themselves or looking off into space. It is recommend to be looking at a different person each time through the alphabet to get practice reading different quirks to each individuals method of finger spelling. 2.2 NUMBERS Practice number spelling from 1 through 30. Then in Tens from 30 to 100. Demonstrate both versions of representing hundreds ( C versus hooking ). 100 through 300. Below are some sample numbers to run through after counting to the hundreds, you can of course make up any you want: ,024 9, , ,876 1,521, ,428,210 1,687,943, ,876,543,321 FRACTION [9 above arm and below arm] ½ 1/3 ¼ 1/8 1/16 1/32 First Second Third Fourth Fifth Sixth Seventh Last 3 Most Frequently Used Vocabulary If beginners are in attendance, perform the sign, then finger spell the sign, then verbalize the word, and finally perform the sign one more time. For intermediate and higher participants, for each vocabulary word, perform the sign, then finger spell the word, and then perform the sign a second time. If someone does not know the sign, repeat the sign and finger spelling until the everyone understands, do not verbalize. This section provides a list of the more commonly used vocabulary. It is not by any means an exhaustive list of ASL signs, just the most frequently encountered. 3.1 Basic Survival Vocabulary YES NO MAYBE NOT AND HELP [ME] [YOU] AGAIN SLOW PLEASE (open palm on chest) SORRY ( s on chest) Cover WHAT SIGN FOR finger spell or point . Or SIGN FOR-FOR finger spell or point MY NAME... Then introduce each other in sign language MY NAME H-A-W-K-E Optional, if applicable, sign given NAME SIGN. THANKYOU THANK YOU SO MUCH [SINGLE SIGN] YOU ARE WELCOME [alternate to just THANKYOU] OKAY (O-K) GOOD BAD BETTER BEST NICE MEET NICE TO MEET YOU KNOW DON'T-KNOW UNDERSTAND DON T UNDERSTAND FORGET REMEMBER RIGHT (correct) WRONG ALL NONE NOTHING NOTHING-TO-IT MORE LESS START WITH WITHOUT TRY CAN CAN T FINISH 3.2 Interrogatives ASK WHO, WHO WHAT, WHAT HUH WHEN ABOUT WHERE (waggle) WHY (WHAT-FOR), WHY-WHY FOR FOR-FOR WHICH HOW [1 or 2 hands] HOW MUCH / HOW MANY [1 or 2 hands] WHAT ARE YOU DOING? 3.3 PRONOUNS I (snooty) ME YOU IT (just point to object) THAT (Y horizontal to object) THAT-ONE (Y side hand pinky to object) THIS (finger to palm) HE (to person) HE (placed in space) SHE (to person) SHE (placed in space) WE / US (W-WE) Possessive MY YOUR HIS (to person) HIS (placed in space) HERS (to person) HERS (placed in space) ITS OUR THEIRS MYSELF YOURSELF OURSELVES THEIRSELVES/THEMSELVES 3.4 RELATIONSHIPS Gender & Relatives, Friends, etc. Clarify about male gender is signed above the nose level & females is below the nose level. RELATIONSHIP MALE FEMALE CHILD CHILDREN (polite version) KIDS/CHILDREN (brats version) BOY GIRL MAN WOMAN FATHER MOTHER GENTLEMAN LADY MARRIED HUSBAND WIFE SEPARATED DIVORCED (reversed MEET) PARENTS GRANDFATHER GRANDMOTHER GRANDPARENTS RIGHT (correct) BROTHER SISTER BABY SON DAUGHTER GRANDSON GRANDDAUGHTER (GIRL-GRAND- DAUGHTER) FRIEND GOOD FRIEND BOYFRIEND GIRLFRIEND SWEETHEART AUNT UNCLE COUSIN (MALE) COUSIN (FEMALE) NIECE NEPHEW LAW BROTHER-IN-LAW, FATHER-IN-LAW, etc... SISTER-IN-LAW, MOTHER-IN-LAW, etc... FALSE STEP/FOSTER SON, FATHER, etc... STEP/FOSTER DAUGHTER, MOTHER, etc HALF HALF/BROTHER, SISTER, etc. ADOPTED (2 variants) ROOMMATE GREW UP 3.5 TIME TIME BEFORE AFTER LONG TIME AGO (DISTANT PAST) HISTORY ( h as long time) LONG TIME FROM NOW (DISTANT FUTURE) TOMORROW YESTERDAY MORNING NOON AFTERNOON EVENING NIGHT MIDNIGHT DAY NOW TO-DAY (NOW_DAY) ALL DAY ALL NIGHT LATE LATER NOT YET (related to LATE) DURING SINCE RECENTLY EAT BREAKFAST (correct ASL sign) BREAKFAST (s-e-e sign) LUNCH (correct ASL sign) LUNCH (s-e-e sign) DINNER (correct ASL sign) DINNER (s-e-e sign) SECONDS, 1 SECOND, 2 SECONDS, 3 SECONDS MINUTES, 1 MINUTE, 2 MINUTES, 3 MINUTES HALF HOUR HOURS, 1 HOUR, 2 HOURS, 3 HOURS HOURLY DAY, 1 DAY, 2 DAYS, 3 DAYS DAILY DAY BEFORE, 2 DAYS BEFORE/AGO, etc. DAY FROM NOW, 2 DAYS FROM NOW, etc. WEEK, 1 WEEK, 2 WEEKS, 3 WEEKS, etc. WEEKLY 1 WEEK FROM NOW, etc. 1 WEEK AGO, etc. MONTH, 1 MONTH, 2 MONTH, 3 MONTH, etc. MONTHLY YEAR, 1 YEAR, 2 YEARS, 3 YEARS, etc. YEARLY/ANNUALLY, EVERY TWO YEARS, etc. OLD OLDER YOUNG YOUNGER DAYS OF THE WEEK MONDAY (and then every Monday) TUESDAY (and then every Tuesday) WEDNESDAY THURSDAY FRIDAY SATURDAY SUNDAY 3.5.2 MONTHS OF THE YEAR JANUARY FEBRUARY MARCH APRIL MAY JUNE (spell out) JULY (spell out) AUGUST SEPTEMBER (spell 4 letters) OCTOBER NOVEMBER DECEMBER SEASONS SPRING (grow) SUMMER WINTER (cold) FALL HOLIDAYS BIRTHDAY (more appropriate version, less appropriate version) CHRISTMAS (C rising, other: Santa beard) EASTER HALLOWEEN HANUKAH THANKSGIVING 4TH OF JULY (jul 4, and I day, and save day) NEW YEARS NEW YEARS EVE MEMORIAL DAY LABOR DAY COLUMBUS DAY VETERAN S DAY 3.6 IMPERATIVES IMPERATIVE NEED MUST WANT DONT-WANT ORDER REQUIRE SHOULD (bouncy NEED) CAN CAN'T TRY START STOP FINISHED NOW WATCH OUT! (one-hand version, and two hand, be careful) NOW START EAT (start eating now!) (having trouble finding this one now) COME ON GO AHEAD GO ON 4 ADJECTIVES 4.1 Emotions/Feelings/States of Being HAPPY SAD CRY ANGRY/FURIOUS (RIP OUT GUTS) MAD (one hand to face) FURIOUS GRUMPY/CRANKY NERVOUS SLEEPY TIRED AWAKE PROUD SCARED CONFUSED (puzzled one hand, and head to mixer 2 hand) EMBARRASSED BLUSH ANNOYED (giving a little headache) WORRIED HATE DETEST EXCITED SICK PAIN BORED ANXIOUS (nervous squirming in char) ANXIETY SERIOUS LAUGH BELLY-LAUGH FUNNY FUN HUNGRY FULL (appetite example) FULL (garbage can full example) 4.2 COLORS RED PINK GREEN BLUE YELLOW WHITE BLACK GREY ORANGE PURPLE BROWN 4.3 DIRECTIONS NORTH SOUTH EAST WEST LEFT RIGHT UP (initialized and non-initialized (point up)) DOWN (initialized and non-initialized (point down)) HERE 4.4 LOCATIONS SPOKANE (S-P) SEATTLE TACOMA WASHINGTON STATE Couer d Alene (CDA?) BOSTON (B hand in 7 shape) 5 FOOD 5.1 FRUITS AND VEGETABLES FRUIT VEGETABLE ORANGE PEACH STRAWBERRY APPLE LEMON BERRY ONION 5.2 DRINKS SODA POP LEMONADE WHISKEY ALCOHOL BEER [not B sign] WINE [ W ] ROOT BEER [ R & B ] PEPSI [ holy Pepsi sign ] COCA COLA (show changes/differences from old signs for COKE AND DRUGS) HOT CHOCOLATE [Not finger-spelled] COFFEE WATER MILK 6 Additional Vocabulary Flip randomly to a chapter from (any) ASL book (or batch of flash cards) using the vocabulary section, and run through the list of vocabulary from that chapter. First give the ASL sign. Repeat as needed for those who request it. If some do not know what the sign means at all. Do not speak the answer, instead (slowly as needed) FINGER SPELL THE ANSWERS. Let each person in the group sign a few words from the book, then pass the book around to the next person, and so on, until everyone in the group has had a turn to sign from the book, and all the vocabulary from that section of the book has been covered. 6.1 INSTITUTIONS SCHOOL HIGH SCHOOL COLLEGE RESIDENTIAL (DEAF) SCHOOL CHURCH TEMPLE COMPANY / BUSINESS STORE 6.2 PLACES KITCHEN BATHROOM BEDROOM HOUSE HOME COMMUNITY CITY TOWN 7 SENTENCES Try to use the same or correlative chapter related to the same vocabulary used in the previous section (3), using example sentences from that book to build on the vocabulary just covered. Have each person sign one sentence form the book, then pass it to the next person. Keep doing this until all the sentences from the book have been covered. Remember to FINGERSPELL the answers to unknown signs, not speak the answers. 8 STORY TIME Now each person takes a turn telling a brief story (in ASL) about their day, their week, their past month, or any other story they would like to tell. If there are more people attending, the stories should be kept shorter so everyone has a turn, if there are fewer people attending, then more time can be spent on each story. The stories can be very basic (depending on the person's signing ability), such as: MY CAR LAST WEEK NEED FIX. I TAKE CAR TO SHOP. MONEY IT COST EXPENSIVE. CAR NOW DRIVE OK. Of course, feel free to provide more elaborate stories as well. 9 SOCIAL TIME Now that everyone has had some time to get into the mode of signing, it is a free form social chat time for as long as anyone wishes. Everyone can continue taking turns chatting with the group, or break off into separate conversations. However, please do still try to remain in a circle/square so that others can jump in on conversations. For the less advanced/experienced signers, they will likely be a bit overwhelmed by the more advanced signers, but it is still VERY IMPORTANT for them to eavesdrop on the conversations to get used to watching faster signing. The study group officially ends at 4:00 pm (or end of 2 hours depending on when the group started), but can certainly run over as long as anyone wants to stick around and continue signing. For any questions, sending updates, corrections, or other comments, please feel free to me: hawke at spokaneasl dot com Happy Signing! -Hawke Cell/Text:
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