Power Blower Operator's Manual

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Power Blower Operator's Manual MODEL PB-460LN WARNING DANGER Read rules for safe operation and all instructions carefully. ECHO provides this Operator's Manual which must be read and understood for proper
Power Blower Operator's Manual MODEL PB-460LN WARNING DANGER Read rules for safe operation and all instructions carefully. ECHO provides this Operator's Manual which must be read and understood for proper and safe operation. X X /05 2 INTRODUCTION Welcome to the ECHO family. This ECHO product was designed and manufactured to provide long life and on-the-job dependability. Read and understand this manual. You will find it easy to use and full of helpful operating tips and SAFETY messages. THE OPERATOR'S MANUAL Read and understand this manual before operation. Keep it in a safe place for future reference. It contains specifications and information for operation, starting, stopping, maintenance, storage and assembly specific to this product. TABLE OF CONTENTS Introduction The Operator's Manual... 2 Safety Manual Safety Symbols and Important Information International Symbols Personal Condition and Safety Equipment Equipment... 6 Emission Control... 6 Description... 7 Contents... 8 Assembly Install Blower Pipes / Stick Handle... 9 Operation Fuel Starting Cold Engine Starting Warm Engine Stopping Engine Operating Blower CopyRight 2005 By Echo, Incorporated All Rights Reserved. Maintenance Skill Levels Maintenance Intervals Air filter Fuel Filter Spark Plug Cooling System Exhaust System Carburetor Adjustment Troubleshooting Storage Specifications Servicing Information Parts Service Customer Assistance Warranty Card Additional or Replacement Manuals Manual Ordering Instructions Specifications, descriptions and illustrative material in this literature are as accurate as known at the time of publication, but are subject to change without notice. Illustrations may include optional equipment and accessories, and may not include all standard equipment. POWER BLOWER OPERATOR'S MANUAL 3 SAFETY MANUAL SAFETY SYMBOLS AND INFORMATION Throughout this manual and on the product itself, you will find safety alerts and helpful, informational messages preceded by symbols or key words. The following is an explanation of those symbols and key words and what they mean to you. This symbol accompanied by the words WARNING and DANGER calls attention to an act or condition that can lead to serious personal injury to operator and bystanders. The circle with the slash symbol means whatever is shown within the circle is prohibited. NOTE The enclosed message provides information necessary for the protection of the unit. NOTE This enclosed message provides tips for use, care and maintenance of the unit. INTERNATIONAL SYMBOLS Symbol form/shape Symbol description/application Symbol form/shape Symbol description/application Symbol form/shape Symbol description/application Symbol form/shape Symbol description/application Read and understand Operator's Manual. Fuel and oil mixture Emergency stop Ignition ON/OFF Wear eyes, ears and head protection Finger Severing Carburetor adjustment - Low speed mixture Primer bulb Hot Surface Wear hand protection. Use two handed. Carburetor adjustment - Idle speed Carburetor adjustment - High speed mixture Safety/Alert Wear slip resistant foot wear. Choke Control Cold Start Position (Choke Closed) Choke Control Run Position (Choke Open) DO NOT allow flames or sparks near fuel. DO NOT smoke near fuel. PERSONAL CONDITION AND SAFETY EQUIPMENT WARNING DANGER Power Blower users risk injury to themselves and others if the power blower is used improperly or safety precautions are not followed. Proper clothing and safety gear must be worn when operating a blower. 4 Physical Condition Your judgment and physical dexterity may not be good: if you are tired or sick, if you are taking medication, if you have taken alcohol or drugs. Operate unit only if you are physically and mentally well. Eye Protection Wear eye protection that meets ANSI Z87.1 or CE requirements whenever you operate the unit. Hand Protection Wear no-slip, heavy-duty work gloves to improve your grip on the blower handle. Gloves also reduce the transmission of machine vibration to your hands. Breathing Protection Wear a facemask to protect against dust. Hearing Protection ECHO recommends wearing hearing protection whenever unit is used. Proper Clothing Wear snug fitting, durable clothing; Pants should have long legs, shirts with long sleeves. DO NOT WEAR SHORTS, DO NOT WEAR TIES, SCARVES, and JEWELRY. Wear sturdy work shoes with nonskid soles: DO NOT WEAR OPEN TOED SHOES, DO NOT OPERATE UNIT BAREFOOTED. Keep long hair away from engine and blower intake. Retain hair with cap or net. Hot Humid Weather Heavy protective clothing can increase operator fatigue, which may lead to heat stroke. Schedule heavy work for early morning or late afternoon hours when temperatures are cooler. Vibration and Cold It is believed that a condition called Raynaud s Phenomenon, which affects the fingers of certain individuals, may be brought about by exposure to vibration and cold. Exposure to vibration and cold may cause tingling and burning sensations, followed by loss of color and numbness in the fingers. The following precautions are strongly recommended, because the minimum exposure, which might trigger the ailment, is unknown. Keep your body warm, especially the head, neck, feet, ankles, hands, and wrists. Maintain good blood circulation by performing vigorous arm exercises during frequent work breaks, and also by not smoking. Limit the hours of operation. Try to fill each day with jobs where operating the unit or other hand-held power equipment is not required. If you experience discomfort, redness, and swelling of the fingers followed by whitening and loss of feeling, consult your physician before further exposing yourself to cold and vibration. POWER BLOWER OPERATOR'S MANUAL 5 Repetitive Stress Injuries It is believed that overusing the muscles and tendons of the fingers, hands, arms, and shoulders may cause soreness, swelling, numbness, weakness, and extreme pain in those areas. Certain repetitive hand activities may put you at a high risk for developing a Repetitive Stress Injury (RSI). An extreme RSI condition is Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS), which could occur when your wrist swells and squeezes a vital nerve that runs through the area. Some believe that prolonged exposure to vibration may contribute to CTS. CTS can cause severe pain for months or even years. To reduce the risk of RSI/CTS, do the following: Avoid using your wrist in a bent, extended, or twisted position. Instead try to maintain a straight wrist position. Also, when grasping, use your whole hand, not just the thumb and index finger. Take periodic breaks to minimize repetition and rest your hands. Reduce the speed and force with which you do the repetitive movement. Do exercises to strengthen the hand and arm muscles. Immediately stop using all power equipment and consult a doctor if you feel tingling, numbness, or pain in the fingers, hands, wrists, or arms. The sooner RSI/CTS is diagnosed, the more likely permanent nerve and muscle damage can be prevented. WARNING DANGER Do not operate this product indoors or in inadequately ventilated areas. Engine exhaust contains poisonous emissions and can cause serious injury or death. Read the Manuals Provide all users of this equipment with the Operator s Manual and Safety Manual for instructions on Safe Operation. Clear the Work Area Spectators and fellow workers must be warned, and children and animals prevented from coming nearer than 15 m (50 ft.) while the unit is in use. Take wind conditions into account: avoid open doors and windows. Do not point blower at people or animals. Keep a Firm Grip Hold the front and rear handles with both hands, with thumbs and fingers encircling the handles. Keep a Solid Stance Maintain footing and balance at all times. Do not stand on slippery, uneven or unstable surfaces. Do not work in odd positions or on ladders. Do not over reach. Avoid Hot Surfaces Keep exhaust area clear of flammable debris. Avoid contact during and immediately after operation. 6 EQUIPMENT CHECK WARNING DANGER Use only ECHO approved attachments. Serious injury may result from the use of a non-approved attachment combination. ECHO, INC. will not be responsible for the failure of cutting devices, attachments or accessories which have not been tested and approved by ECHO. Read and comply with all safety instructions listed in this manual and safety manual. Check unit for loose/missing nuts, bolts and screws. Tighten and/or replace as needed. Inspect fuel lines, tank and area around carburetor for fuel leaks. DO NOT operate unit if leaks are found. Do not use blower if any part is missing or damaged. Have repairs done only by an authorized ECHO Service dealer. Do not use any attachment, accessory or replacement part unless it is recommended in this Operator's Manual. EMISSION CONTROL EPA Phase 2 The emission control system for this engine is EM/TWC (Engine Modification and Catalyst). ENGINE INFORMATION ENGINE FAMILY: 5EHXS.0444KA DISPLACEMENT: 44.0CC EMISSION COMPLIANCE PERIOD : 300 HRS. EMISSION COMPLIANCE PERIOD: 300 Hours THIS ENGINE MEETS U.S. EPA PH2 AND CALIFORNIA EMISSION REGULATIONS FOR SOREs. REFER TO OWNER'S MANUAL FOR MAINTENANCE SPECIFICATIONS AND ADJUSTMENTS. An Emission Control Label is located on the unit. (This is an EXAMPLE ONLY, information on label varies by engine FAMILY). PRODUCT EMISSION DURABILITY The 300 hour emission durability compliance period is the time span selected by the manufacturer certifying the engine emissions output meets applicable emissions regulations, provided that approved maintenance procedures are followed as listed in the Maintenance Section of this manual. POWER BLOWER OPERATOR'S MANUAL 7 DESCRIPTION Locate these safety decals on your unit. Make sure the decals are legible and that you understand and follow the instructions on them. If a decal cannot be read, a new one can be ordered from your ECHO dealer. See PARTS ORDERING instructions for specific information. Hot Decal (near muffler) General Warning Decal (located on top of blower) P/N P/N Sound Label (located on blower housing) Spark Plug Cover Label 65 Category I db(a) Measured at 50 ft. (15m) per ANSI B175.2 P/N X P/N 8 1. AIR CLEANER - Contains replaceable air filter element. 2. SPARK PLUG - Provides spark to ignite fuel mixture. Spark plug is located under the cover on LN models. 3. SPARK ARRESTOR - CATALYTIC MUFFLER / MUFFLER - The muffler or catalytic muffler controls exhaust noise and emission. The spark arrestor screen prevents hot, glowing particles of carbon from leaving the muffler. Keep exhaust area clear of flammable debris. 4. RECOIL STARTER HANDLE - Pull recoil handle slowly until starter engages, then quickly and firmly. When engine starts, return handle slowly. DO NOT let handle snap back or damage to unit will occur. 5. PURGE BULB - Pumping purge bulb before starting engine draws fresh fuel from the fuel tank, purging air from the carburetor. Pump purge bulb until fuel is visible and flows freely in the clear fuel tank return line. Pump purge bulb an additional 4 or 5 times. 6. CHOKE - Move lever up to Cold Start ( ) starting position and for emergency stopping. Move lever down to Run position ( ). 7. FUEL TANK CAP - Covers and seals fuel tank. 8. BLOWER PIPES - Twist lock design. 9. THROTTLE POSITION LEVER/STOP SWITCH - Combination stop switch and variable speed throttle lever. When the lever is moved all the way forward the blower is at Wide Open Throttle (W.O.T.). When the lever is moved rearward to detent, the blower is at idle. When the lever is moved rearward past the idle detent the blower will stop. 10. SAFETY DECAL - Lists important safety precautions. 11. THROTTLE HANDLE - Rotates downward for throttle control access. Spring loaded for flexible operation. 12. SHOULDER HARNESS - Supports unit on operator's back. Pull down on loose ends of straps to position unit for comfortable operation. Loosen straps to remove the unit. 13. FLEXIBLE PIPE - Allows for full range of movement. 14. STICK HANDLE - Provides comfortable grip for directing air flow. CONTENTS 1 - Power Head 1 - Flex Pipe 1 - Pipe with Swivel 1 - Straight Pipe 1 - Curved Pipe 1 - Operator's Manual 1 - Warranty Registration Card 1 - ECHO Emissions and Warranty Statement 2 - Clamps w/screws 1 - Stick Handle Assembly 1 - Echo Power Blend TM 2-stroke oil sample POWER BLOWER OPERATOR'S MANUAL 9 ASSEMBLY WARNING DANGER Never perform maintenance or assembly procedures with engine running or serious personal injury may result. INSTALL BLOWER PIPES / STICK HANDLE 1. Assemble clamps (A) onto both ends of flexible pipe (B). 2. Assemble swivel pipe (C) into flexible pipe (B) and tighten clamp (A). A B A 3. Assemble flexible pipe (B) to elbow (D) on blower and tighten clamp (A). B C NOTE A light lubricant may be used to ease assembly of flexible pipe to blower elbow. D 4. Loosen wing nut (E) completely and open stick handle clamp. 5. Align notches (F) in handle clamp with tabs (G). 6. Slide stick handle onto swivel pipe (C). Stick handle should be angled away from operator. 7. Position stick handle (H) for comfortable operation, and tighten wing nut (E). G G H F E 8. Assemble straight pipe (I) to swivel pipe (C), turning straight pipe clockwise to lock in place. C I 9. Assemble curved pipe (J) to straight pipe (I) turning curved pipe (J) clockwise to lock in place. J 10 OPERATION FUEL Fuel Requirements Gasoline - Use 89 Octane [R+M/2] (mid grade or higher) gasoline known to be good quality. Gasoline may contain up to 15% MTBE (methyl tertiary-butyl ether). Gasohol containing methyl (wood) alcohol is NOT approved. Two Stroke Oil - A two-stroke engine oil meeting ISO-L-EGD (ISO/CD 13738) and J.A.S.O. FC Standards must be used. Echo brand premium Power Blend TM Universal 2-Stroke Oil meets these standards. Engine problems due to inadequate lubrication caused by failure to use an ISO-L-EGD and J.A.S.O. FC certified oil, such as Echo premium Power Blend TM, will void the two-stroke engine warranty. (Emission related parts only are covered for two years, regardless of two-stroke oil used, per the statement listed in the Emission Defect Warranty Explanation.) Echo premium Power Blend TM Universal 2-Stroke Oil may be mixed at 50:1 ratio for application in all Echo engines sold in the past regardless of ratio specified in those manuals. Handling Fuel WARNING DANGER Fuel is VERY flammable. Use extreme care when mixing, storing or handling or serious personal injury may result. Use an approved fuel container. DO NOT smoke near fuel. DO NOT allow flames or sparks near fuel. Fuel tanks/cans may be under pressure. Always loosen fuel caps slowly allowing pressure to equalize. NEVER refuel a unit when the engine is HOT or RUNNING! DO NOT fill fuel tanks indoors. ALWAYS fill fuel tanks outdoors over bare ground. DO NOT overfill fuel tank. Wipe up spills immediately. Securely tighten fuel tank cap and close fuel container after refueling. Inspect for fuel leakage. If fuel leakage is found, do not start or operate unit until leakage is repaired. Move at least 3m (10 ft.) from refueling location before starting the engine. Mixing Instructions 1. Fill an approved fuel container with half of the required amount of gasoline. 2. Add the proper amount of 2-stroke oil to gasoline. 3. Close container and shake to mix oil with gasoline. 4. Add remaining gasoline, close fuel container, and remix. Fuel to Oil Mix - 50:1 Ratio GAS U.S. OIL G allons Fl. oz METRIC GAS Spilled fuel is a leading cause of hydrocarbon emissions. Some states may require the use of automatic fuel shut-off containers to reduce fuel spillage. After use DO NOT store a unit with fuel in its tank. Leaks can occur. Return unused fuel to an approved fuel storage container. Storage - Fuel storage laws vary by locality. Contact your local government for the laws affecting your area. As a precaution, store fuel in an approved, airtight container. Store in a well-ventilated, unoccupied building, away from sparks and flames. Stored fuel ages. Do not mix more fuel than you expect to use in thirty (30) days, ninety (90) days when a fuel stabilizer is added. Stored two-stroke fuel may separate. ALWAYS shake fuel container thoroughly before each use. OIL L iter cc POWER BLOWER OPERATOR'S MANUAL 11 STARTING COLD ENGINE Recoil starter: Use short pulls - only 1/2-2/3 of rope length for starting. Do not allow the rope to snap back in. Always hold the unit firmly. Rotate throttle handle downward to a comfortable operating position. 1. Throttle Lever Move throttle lever (A) to IDLE DETENT position. A 2. Choke Move choke (B) up to Cold Start position ( ). 3. Purge Bulb Pump purge bulb (C) until fuel is visible and flows freely in the clear fuel tank return line. Pump bulb an additional 4 or 5 times. B 4. Recoil Starter Pull recoil starter handle (D) until engine fires (5 pulls). C 5. Choke Move choke (B) down to run position ( restart engine. ), and if necessary, NOTE If engine does not start after 5 pulls, repeat instructions 2-5. NOTE Allow engine to warm up before use. D 12 STARTING WARM ENGINE A 1. Throttle Lever Move throttle lever (A) to IDLE DETENT position. 2. Purge Bulb Pump purge bulb (C) until fuel is visible and flows freely in the clear fuel tank return line. Pump bulb an additional 4 or 5 times. C 3. Recoil Starter Pull recoil starter handle (D) and engine should start. Do not use choke (B). NOTE If engine does not start after 5 pulls, use cold start procedures. D STOPPING ENGINE 1. Throttle Lever Move throttle lever (A) to idle detent position and allow engine to return to idle before shutting off engine. 2. Move throttle lever (A) to O (Stop) position. A WARNING DANGER If engine does not stop when stop switch is moved to STOP position, close choke - COLD START position - to stall engine. Have your ECHO dealer repair stop switch before using blower again. POWER BLOWER OPERATOR'S MANUAL 13 OPERATING BLOWER WARNING DANGER Always wear safety glasses, hearing protection, a face filter mask and take all safety precautions or serious personal injury may result. Do not point the blower pipe in the direction of people or pets. Read the Safety Section carefully. To avoid engine damage due to over-revving, do not block blower pipe opening. 1. Use only during appropriate hours. 2. Make sure all blower pipes are installed. 3. Allow the engine to warm up at a fast idle for a few minutes. 4. Set engine speed with throttle (A). 5. Use lower speed to blow dry grass and leaves from walks, patios and drives. A 6. Additional speed may be necessary to clean leaves from a lawn or flower bed. 7. Higher speed may be necessary to move gravel, dirt, snow, bottles or cans from a driveway, street, parking lot or stadium. NOTE Never use a higher speed setting than necessary to perform a task. Remember, the higher the engine speed, the louder the blower noise. Minimize dust by using blower at lower speeds and by dampening material with water/mist when necessary. Keep debris on your property. Be Smart - be a good neighbor. 14 MAINTENANCE Your ECHO blower is designed to provide many hours of trouble free service. Regular scheduled maintenance will help your blower achieve that goal. If you are unsure or are not equipped with the necessary tools, you may want to take your unit to an ECHO Service Dealer for maintenance. To help you decide whether you want to DO-IT-YOURSELF or have the ECHO Dealer do it, each maintenance task has been graded. If task is not listed, see your ECHO Dealer for repairs. SKILL LEVELS Level 1 = Level 2 = Level 3 = Easy to do. Most required tools come with unit. Moderate difficulty. Some specialized tools may be required. Experience required. Specialized tools are required. Echo recommends the unit be returned to your Echo Dealer for servicing. ECHO offers REPOWER TM Maintenance Kits and Parts to make your maintenance job easier. Just below each task heading are listed the various part numbers required for that task. See your ECHO dealer for these parts. M
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