Los Viajes De Gulliver

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CORNELL UNIVERSITY LIBRARY c— PRINTED IN U-S.A. TRAVELS INTO SEVERAL REMOTE NATIONS OF THE WORLD This volume is an exact reprint of the first edition {1726-7), The…
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CORNELL UNIVERSITY LIBRARY c— PRINTED IN U-S.A. TRAVELS INTO SEVERAL REMOTE NATIONS OF THE WORLD This volume is an exact reprint of the first edition {1726-7), The only differences that "will be found are — (i) Slight corrections of punctuation; (2) the use of "my" instead of "mine," and of "has" instead of " hath " ; and (3) a very few alterations of similar archaic forms. Reproductions of all the original illustrations have been included in this edition. The design upon the title-page has been specially drawn for the purpose by J. Walter West. f TRAVELS INTO SEVERAL RE MOTE NATIONS OF THE WORLD In TourPafls ^j> LEMVEL GVLLIVER. TirM aSurgeon, bo thai a Captain ofJeveral Ships \ NEW YORK LONGMANS GREEN &)GO. luiri^ CONTENTS The Publisher to thk Reader . ... PAGB 7 A Letter from Captain Gulliver to his Cousin Sympson . = . . , Part I. A VOYAGE TO LILLIPUT. 19 Part II. A VOYAGE TO BROBDINGNAG . , 87 Part III. A VOYAGE TO LAPUTA, BALNIBARBI, LUGGNAGG, GLUBBDUBDRIB, AND JAPAN . . . 161 Part IV. A VOYAGE TO THE COUNTRY OF THE HOUYH- NHNMS . . . ... 229 The original of tiiis book is in tine Cornell University Library. There are no known copyright restrictions in the United States on the use of the text. http://www.archive.org/details/cu31924013200641 THE PUBLISHER TO THE READER The author of these Travels, Mr. Lemuel Gulliver, is ;; my ancient and intimate friend; there is likewise some relation between us 'by the mother's side. About three years ago, Mr. Gulliver, growing weary of the concourse of curious people coming to him at his house in Redriff, made a small purchase of land, with a convenient house, near Newark in Nottinghamshire, his native county, Where he now lives retired, yet in good esteem among his neighbours. Although Mr. Gulliver was born in Nottinghamshire, where his father dwelt, yet I have heard him say his family came from Oxfordshire to confirm which, I have observed ; in the churchyard at Banbury in that county, several tombs and monuments of the Gilllivers. Before he quitted RedriliF, he left the custody of the following papers in my hands, with the liberty to dispose of them as I should think fit. I have carefully perused them three times. The style is ,,, very plain and simple and the only fault I find is, that the ; author, after the manner of travellers, is a little too circum- ; stantial. There is an air of truth apparent throughout the whole and, indeed, the author was so distinguished for his ; veracity, that it became a sort of proverb among his neigh- bours at Redriff, when any one affirmed a thing, to say, " it was as true as if Mr. Gulliver had spoken it." By the advice of several worthy persons, to whom, with the author's permission, I communicated these papers, I now ventjire to send them into the world, hoping they may be, at least for some time, a better entertainment to our young noblemen than the common scribbles of politics and party. This volume would have been at least twice as large, if I, had not made bold to strike out innumerable passages 8 : THE PUBLISHER TO THE READER. relating to the winds and tides, as well as to the variations and bearings in the several voyages, together with the minute descriptions of the management of the ship in storms, in the style of sailors ; likewise the account of longitudes and latitudes ; wherein I have reason to appre- hend that Mr. Gulliver may be a little dissatisfied but : I was resolved to fit the work as much as possible to the general capacity of readers. However, if my own ignorance in sea affairs shall have led me to commit some mistakes, I alone am answerable for them ;and if any traveller has a curiosity to see the whole work at large, as it came from the hands of the author, I shall be ready to gratify him. As for any further particulars relating to the author, the reader will receive satisfaction from the first pages of the book. Richard Sympson. A LETTER FROM CAPTAIN GULLIVER TO HIS COUSIN SYMPSON WRITTEN IN THE YEAR 1727 I HOPE you will be ready to own publicly, whenever you be called to it, that, by your great and frequent shall urgency, you prevailed on me to publish a very loose and uncorrect account of my travels, with direction to hire some young gentleman of either university to put them in order, and correct the style, as my cousin Dampier did, by my advice, in his book called "A Voyage Round the World." But I do not remember I gave you power to consent that any thing should be omitted, and much less that any thing should be inserted: therefore, as to the latter, I do here renounce every thing of that kind, particularly a paragraph about her majesty Queen Anne, of most pious and glorious memory, although I did reverence and esteem her more than any of human species. But you, or your interpolator, ought to have considered, that as it was not my inclination, so it was not decent to praise any animal of our composition before my master Houyhnhnm : and, besides, the fact was altogether false; for to my knowledge, being in England during some part of her majesty's reign, she did govern by a chief minister nay, even by two successively the first ; ; whereof was the lord of Godolphin, and the second the lord of Oxford ; so that you have made me say the thing that was nol^ Likewise, in the account of the academy of projectors, and several passages of my discourse to my master Houyhnhnm, you have either omitted some material circumstances, or minced or changed them in such a manner, that I do hardly know my own work. When I formerly hinted to you something of this in a letter, you 10 A LETTER FROM CAPTAIN GULLIVER were pleased to answer, " That you were afraid of giving offence ; that people in power were very watchful over the press, and apt not only to interpret, but to punish every thing which looked like an inuendo " (as I think you call it). But, pray, how could that which I spoke so many years ago, and at above five thousand leagues' distance, in another reign, be applied to any of the Yahoos who now are said to govern the herd ; especially at a time when I little thought or feared the unhappiness of living under them ? Have not I the most reason to complain, when I see these very Yahoos carried by Houyhnhnms in a vehicle, as if they were brutes, and those the rational creatures? And, indeed, to avoid so monstrous and detestable a sight was one principal motive of my retirement hither. Thus much I thought proper to tell you in relation to yourself, and to the trust I reposed in you. I do, in the next place, complain of my own great want' of judgment, in being prevailed upon, by the entreaties and false reasonings of you and some others, very much against my own opinion, to suffer my Travels to be published. Pray bring to your mind how often I desired you to consider, when you insisted on the motive of public good, that the Yahoos were a species of animals utterly incapable of amendment by precepts or example: and so it has proved ; for, instead of seeing a full stop put to all abuses and corruptions, at least in this little island, as I had reason to expect —behold, after six months' warning, I cannot learn that my book has produced one single effect according to my intentions. I desired you would let me know, by a letter, when party and faction were ex- tinguished judges learned and upright ; pleaders honest ; and modest, with some tincture of common sense, and Smithfield blazing with pyramids of law books ; the young nobility's education entirely changed; the physicians banished the female Yahoos abounding in virtue, honour, ; truth, and good sense courts and levees of great minis- ; ters IJioroughly weeded and swept ; wit, merit, and learning' rewarded ; all disgracers of the press, in prose and verse, condemned to eat nothing but their own cotton, and quench their thirst with their own ink. These, and a thousand other reformations, I firmly counted upon by — ; TO HIS COUSIN SYMPSON. ii your encouragement; as, indeed, they were, plainly de- ducible from the precepts delivered in my book. And it must be owned, that seven months were a sufficient time to correct every vice and folly to which Yakoos are subject, if their natures had been capable of the least disposition to virtue or wisdom. Yet, so far have you been from answer- ing my expectation in any of your letters, that, on the , contrary, you are loading our carrier every week with libels, and keys, and reflections, and memoirs, and second parts wherein I see myself accused of reflecting upon great state folks ; of degrading human nature (for so they have still the confidence to style it), and of abusing the female sex. I find, likewise, that the writers of those bundles are not agreed among themselves ; for some of them will not allow me to be the author of my own travels, and others make me author of books to which I am wholly a stranger. I find, likewise, that your printer has been sq careless as to confound the times, and mistake the dates, of my several voyages and returns; neither assigning the true year, nor the true month, nor day of the month:* and I hear the original manuscript is all destroyed since the publication of my book ; neither have I any copy left. However, I have sent you some corrections, which you may insert, if ever there should be a second edition and yet I cannot stand : to them, but shall leave that matter to my judicious and candid readers, to adjust it as they please. I hear some of our sea Yakoos find fault with my sea language, as not proper in many parts, nor now in use. I cannot help it. In my first voyages, while I was young, I was instructed by the oldest mariners, and learned to - , * The publishers of this edition have thought it advisable to, follow the text kjf the first edition, but the following note will be of interest : "That the original copy of these Travels was altered by the person through whose hands it was cotiveyed to the press is a fact ; but the passages of which Mr. Gulliver comjjlains in this letter are to be found only in the first editions ; for the Dean, having restored the text wherever it had been altered, sent the<eopy to the late Mr. Motte, by the hands of Mr. Charles Ford. This copy has been exactly followed in every subsequent edition, except that printed in Ireland by Mr. Faulkner ; the editor of which, supposing the Dean to be serious when he mentioned the corruptions of dates, and yet finding them unaltered, thought fit to alter them himself. There is, however, scarce one of these alterations in which he has not committed a blunder ; though, while he was thus busy in defecing the parts that were perfect, he suffered the accidental blemishes of others to remain. — Hawkesworth. ; 12 A LETTER FROM CAPTAIN GULLIVER speak as they did. But I have since found that the sea Yahoos are apt, like the land ones, to become new-fangled in their words, which the latter change every year insomuch, as I remember, upon each return to my own country, their old dialect was so altered, that I could hardly understand the new. And I observe, when any Yahoos come from London, out of curiosity, to visit me at my house, we neither of us are able to deliver our con- > qeptions in a manner intelligible to the other. If the censure of the Yahoos could in any way affect me, I should have great reason to complain that some of them are so bold as to think my book of Travels a mere fiction out of mine own brain and have gone so far as to drop ; hints, that the Houyhnhnms and Yahoos have no more existence than the inhabitants Of Utopia. Indeed I must confess, that as to the people of Lilliput, Brpbdingrag (for so the word should have been spelt, and not, erroneously, Brobdingnag), and Laputa, I have never yet heard of any Yahoo so presumptuous as to dispute their being, or the facts I have related concerning them because the truth immediately strikes every reader with conviction. And is there less probability in my account of the Houyhnhnms or Yahoos, when it is manifest, as to the latter, there are so many thousands, even in this country, who only differ from their brother brutes in Houyhnhnm- land, because they use a sort of jabber, and do not go naked? I wrote for their amendment, and not their appro- bation. The united praise of the whole race would be of less consequence to me than the neighing of those two degenerate Houyhnhnms I keep in my stable; because from these, degenerate as they are, I still improve in some virtues, without any mixture of vice. Do these miserable animals presume to think that I am so degenerated as to defend my veracity ? Yahoo as I am, it is well known through all Houyhnhnm-land, that, by the instructions and example of my illustrious master, I was able, in the compass of two years (although, I confess, with the utmost difficulty), to remove that infernal habit of lying, shuffling, deceiving, and equivocating, so deeply rooted in the very souls of all my species, especially the Europeans. TO HIS COUSIN SYMPSON. 13 I have other complaints to make upon this vexatious occasion ;but I forbear troubling myself or you any further. I must freely confess, that, since my last, some corruptions of my Yahoo nature have revived in me, by conversing with a few of your species, and particularly those of my own family, by an unavoidable necessity; else I should never have attempted so absurd a project as that of reforming the Yahoo race in this kingdom but : I have now done with all such visionary schemes for ever. April 1, 1727, TJRT I. A VOYAGE TO LILLIPUT — , THE CONTENTS CHAPTER I. The Author some account of himself and family His first inducements gives — '' ^ to in travel — ...... He is shipwrecked, and swims for his life— Gets safe on shore the country of Lilliput country — Is made a prisoner, and carried up the CHAPTER II. Page 19 The Emperor comes to see the of Lilliput, attended by several of the nobility, Author in confinement—The Emperor's person and habits described his — Learned men appointed to teach the Author their langvtage He gains — — favour by his mild disposition His pockets are searched, and his sword and pistols taken from him . 29. ... CHAPTER IIL The Author diverts the Emperor, and his nobility of both sexes, in a very uncommon manner—The diversions of the court of Lilliput described The Author has his liberty granted him upon certain conditions . 39 CHAPTER IV. Mildendo, the metropolis of Lilliput, described, together with the Emperor's palace —A conversation between the Author and a principal secretary —The ^ coiifcerning the affairs of that Emperor in his wars . empire . . Author ... offers to serve the 47 0, CHAPTER V. The Author, by an extraordinary stratagem, prevents an invasion^ A high title of honour is conferred upon him — ^Ambassadors arrive firom the Emperor of Blefuscu,and sue for peace —^The Empress's apartments on fire by accident :— The Author instrumental in saving the rest of the palace . . 52 ' B i8 GULLIVER'S TRAVELS. CHAPTER VI. Of the inhabitants of Lilliput, their learning, laws, and customs — The manner of educating their children —The Author's way of living in that country — His vindication of a great lady . . . Page 58 CHAPTER VII. The Author, being informed of a design to accuse him of high treason, makes his escape to Blefuscu — His reception, there . . . . 68 CHAPTER VIII. The Author, by a luoky accident, finds means to leave Blefuscu, and, after some difficulties, returns safe to his native country . . . . 76 Plate! Parti 1 GootlFoi^ne * "^ I NalTow SUNDA BiefiiFcu Lllliput. Dircovered.A J).i6g^ .. TRAVELS Part I, A VOYAGE TO LILLIPUT CHAPTER I. The — Author gives some account of himself and family His first — inducements to travel He is shipwrecked, and swims for his life — Gets safe on shore in the country of Lilliput — Is made a prisoner, and carried up the country. My father had a small estate in Nottinghamshire I was ; the third of five sons. He sent me to Emanuel College, in Cambridge, at fourteen years old, where I resided three years, and applied myself close to my studies but the ; charge of maintaining me, although I had a very scanty- allowance, being too great for a narrow fortune, I was bound apprentice to Mr. James Bates, an eminent surgeon in London, with whom I continued four years and my ; father now and then sending me small sums of money, I laid them out in learning navigation, and other parts of the mathematics useful to those who intend to travel, as I always believed it would be, some time or other, my fortune to do. When I left Mr. Bates I went down to my -father, where, by the assistance of him and my uncle John, and some other relations, I got forty pounds, and a proniSe of thirty pounds a year to maintain me at Leyden there I studied physic two years and seven ; months, knowing it would be useful in long voyages. Soon after my return from Leyden I was recommended by my good master, Mr. Bates, to be surgeon to the ; ; ' 20 GULIIVER'S TRAVELS. Swallow, Captain Abraham Pannell, commander; with whom I continued three years and a half, making a voyage or two into the Levant and some other parts. When I came back I resolved to settle in London ; to which Mr. Bates, my master, encouraged me, and by him I was recommended to several patients. I took part of a small house in the Old Jewry and being advised to alter ; my condition, I married Miss Mary Burton, second daughter to Mr. Edmund Burton, hosier, in Newgate Street, with whom I received four hundred pounds for a portion. But my good master Bates dying in two years after, and I having few friends, ipy business began to fail ; for my conscience would not suffer me to imitate the bad practice of too many among my brethren. Having, therefore, consulted with my wife and some of my acquaintance, I determined to go again to sea. I was surgeon successively in two ships, and made several voyages, for six years, to the East and West Indies, by which I got some addition to my fortune. My hours of leisure I spent in reading the best authors, ancient and modern, being always provided with a good number of books and when I was ashore, in ; observing the manners and dispositions of the people, as wpU as learning their language; wherein I had a great facility, by the strength of my memory. The last of these voyages not proving very fortunate, I grew weary of the sea, and intended to stay at home with my wife and family. I removed from the Old Jewry to Fetter Lane, and from thence to Wapping, hoping to get business among the sailors, but it would not turn to account. After three years' expectation that things would mend, I accepted an advantageous offer from Captain William Prichard, master of the Antelope, who was making a voyage to the South Sea. We set sail frpm Bristol,- May 4, 1699, and our voyage at first was very prosperous. It would not be proper, for some reasons, to trouble the reader with the particulars of our adventures in those seas let it sufifice to inform him, that in our passage from thence to the East Indies, we were driven by a violent storm to the north-west of Van Diemen's Land. By an observation, we found ourselves in the latitude of 30 degrees 2 minutes south. Twelve of our crew were dead by. immoderate ; GULLIVER'S TRAVELS. 21 labour and ill food the rest were in a very weak condition. ; On the 5th of November, which was the beginning of summer in those parts, the weather being very hazy, the seamen spied a rock within half a cable's length of the ship; but the wind was so strong that we were driven > directly upon it, and immediately split. Six of the crew, of whom I was one, having let down the boat into the sea, made a shift to get clear of the ship and the rock. We rowed, by my computation, about three leagues, till we \ were able to work no longer, being already sp
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