Kennedy Brief | Article Three Of The United States Constitution | United States Senate

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Ted Kennedy Amicus Brief on Recess Appointments
Transcript
   IN THE UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALSFOR THE ELEVENTH CIRCUIT No. 02-16424Denis STEPHENS,Defendant-Appellant,v.Peter EVANS and Detree JORDAN,Plaintiffs-Appellees. MEMORANDUM OF  AMICUS CURIAE,  UNITED STATES SENATOR EDWARD M. KENNEDY, PRO SE, INSUPPORT OF PLAINTIFFS-APPELLEES MOTION TO DISQUALIFYMEMBER OF THE COURT ON THE GROUND THAT HIS RECESSAPPOINTMENT IS INVALID Senator Edward M. KennedyDirksen Senate Office Building Room SD-520Washington, DC 20510Telephone: (202) 224-7878 Photocopier: (202) 228-0464 Additional Counsel Listed in Signature Block    No. 02-16424, Stephens v. Evans CERTIFICATE OF INTERESTED PERSONS In addition to the persons listed by the parties: Senator Edward M. Kennedy andJudge William H. Pryor, Jr.  ii TABLE OF CONTENTSCERTIFICATE OF INTERESTED PERSONS ..................................................i TABLE OF CONTENTS .....................................................................................ii IDENTITY AND INTEREST OF THE AMICUS .............................................1 SOURCE OF AUTHORITY TO FILE ...............................................................3 STATEMENT OF THE ISSUES .........................................................................3 BACKGROUND ..................................................................................................3 SUMMARY OF THE ARGUMENT ..................................................................4 ARGUMENT ........................................................................................................5 I. THE VALIDITY OF JUDGE PRYOR’S RECESS APPOINTMENTMUST BE RESOLVED BEFORE ANY RULING ON THE RECUSALISSUE . ..............................................................................................................5 II. THE CONSTITUTION DOES NOT AUTHORIZE RECESSAPPOINTMENTS—PARTICULARLY OF ARTICLE III JUDGES— DURING INTRA-SESSION SENATE ADJOURNMENTS. .........................6 III. THE PRESIDENT MAY NOT MAKE RECESS APPOINTMENTS OFARTICLE III JUDGES UNDER THE CIRCUMSTANCES PRESENTHERE. .............................................................................................................21 CONCLUSION ...................................................................................................31  iii TABLE OF AUTHORITIESCases  Bunnell v. Barnhart  , 336 F.3d 1112 (9th Cir. 2003)...............................................6 CFTC v. Schor  , 478 U.S. 833, 106 S.Ct. 3245 (1986)..........................................25 Crandon v. United States , 494 U.S. 152, 110 S.Ct. 997 (1990)............................14  Ex parte McCardle , 74 U.S. (7 Wall.) 506 (1869)..................................................6  Freytag v. Comm’r of Internal Revenue , 501 U.S. 868, 111 S.Ct. 2631 (1991)....10 Glidden Co. v. Zdanok  , 370 U.S. 530, 82 S.Ct. 1459 (1962)................................22 Gould v. United States , 19 Ct. Cl. 593 (1884)......................................................13  Hope v. Pelzer  , 536 U.S. 730, 122 S.Ct. 2508 (2002)...........................................24  INS v. Chadha , 462 U.S. 919, 103 S.Ct. 2764 (1983).....................................19, 20  Kennedy v. Sampson , 511 F.2d 430 (D.C. Cir. 1974).....................................11, 13 Marsh v. Chambers , 463 U.S. 783, 103 S.Ct. 3330 (1983)...................................27  N. Pipeline Constr. Co. v. Marathon Pipe Line Co. , 458 U.S. 50, 102 S.Ct. 2858(1982)....................................................................................................21, 22, 28  Nguyen v. United States , 539 U.S. 69, 123 S.Ct. 2130 (2003)..........................5, 31  Printz v. United States , 521 U.S. 898, 117 S.Ct. 2365 (1997)...............................20 Smith   v.    Avino , 91 F.3d 105 (11th Cir. 1996)..........................................................6 Solorio v.   United States , 483 U.S. 435, 107 S.Ct. 2924 (1987)...............................7 Steel Co. v. Citizens for a Better Env’t  , 523 U.S. 83, 118 S.Ct. 1003 (1998)......5, 6
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