Index. Cambridge University Press The Language of Life and Death: The Transformation of Experience in Oral Narrative William Labov

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2 Samuel: The death of Absalom 12, Absalom s monument Episode 1: Deal gently with Absalom Episode 2: The battle of Ephraim Wood Episode 3: Bearing the news Episode
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2 Samuel: The death of Absalom 12, Absalom s monument Episode 1: Deal gently with Absalom Episode 2: The battle of Ephraim Wood Episode 3: Bearing the news Episode 4: Receiving the news Episode 5: Mourning for Absalom 97, , 222 The 60 cc Yamaha see Tarentino, Tom: The 60 cc Yamaha abstracts 27 Acton, Lord 198, 225 Adamo, Josie: Her husband s death reconstruction African-American toasts Honky-Tonk Bud 184 The Hustlers Convention 180 agency 36, 55 Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 33 Aristotle 14, 25 audience design 8, 58 Auerbach, Eric 142 Bamberg, Michael 9 Bindoff, S. T analytic judgments 203 The death of Elizabeth The death of Essex Bower, Anne 115 Cache County, Utah 12, the conversation Episode 1: First encounter with Hoops: the grape fence Episode 2: Second encounter with Hoops: the apple tree 166 Episode 3: First encounter with Floyd: the ash tree Episode 4: Second encounter with Floyd in Joe Peterson s barn Episode 5: Third encounter with Floyd: Jay stole the baseball bat Capps, L. 7, 20 causality 25 and credibility and plot 25, 225 causative verbs 36, 55 chronicles Churchill, Winston 198, 225 C. I. Sr.: The notice in the New York Times Episode Episode 2 92 credibility 94 clauses dependent clauses 15 finite clauses 15, 17 free clauses independent clauses 15 narrative clauses progressive clauses tensed clauses 15 codas 10, 32 complicating actions 27 30, 224 conjunctions 15 16, 19 coordinate conjunctions 15, 19 Costa, Mary: The death of her youngest daughter 12, Episode 1: Victoria visits Marie in the hospital 149 Episode 2: Mary goes to the hospital to bring Marie home Episode 3: Marie dies in the hospital Episode 4: The family wait at home and finally come to the hospital Episode 5: Mary confronts the hospital 235 Episode 6: News of Marie s death reaches her sister Rita 155 Episode 7: Cause of Marie s death: Mary defies the hospital 155 Episode 8: News of Marie s death reaches her father and brother 156 Episode 9: News of Marie s death reaches her aunts reconstruction , credibility and causality in historical narratives 197, 225 and reportability D Almaggio, Doug: Bar in South Philadelphia Episode 1 50 Episode 2 50 Episode 3 51 Dalphonso, Melinda: The falling out 9 10, credibility 97 reconstruction remembering and telling 39 death and danger of death 4 Charles Triplett: Nice big blue Eddie Delaney 2 3 Harold Shambaugh: The Norwegian sailor 17 18, Jacob Schissel, NYC: Jacob Schissel s story 1, emotional residue of narrative 227, 229 reportability 22 death, confrontations with 11, Donald McCaffrey: His son s death Ellen Laidlaw: Her father s death Josie Adamo: Her husband s death Mr. MacLean: His wife s death 82 Ross Hawkins: The first man killed by a car in this town 35, Seal: In vain I tried to tell you Tom Tarentino: The 60 cc Yamaha 28, moral responsibility 69, 73 75, 78 79, 81, 88 polarization and integration of the actors 35, 69, 73 see also 2 Samuel: The death of Absalom ; Costa, Mary: The death of her youngest daughter ; Norman, Rose: The death of her younger sister ; premonitions and communication with the dead Delaney, Eddie: Danger of death 2 3 dependent clauses 15 Dignall, Joe 49 dramatization dreams 22, 38 see also Dalphonso, Melinda: The falling out ; Guyton, Henry: He come to me in a dream egocentric principle 20 21, 204 embeddedness 7 emotional residue of narrative Cache County 228 confrontations with death 228 epic narratives 228 escape from death 6 7, 227, 229 historians use of narrative 228 premonitions and communication with the dead 228 empathy 227 epic narratives 10 11, 22, 178 polarization and integration of the actors 129, 145 see also Costa, Mary: The death of her youngest daughter ; Knott, Margie: Her confrontation with the neighbors ; Norman, Rose: The death of her younger sister ; Stein, Gloria: They stoned the house epic style, vernacular origin of 12, 32, 176 African-American toasts , 184 comparison with personal narratives Donald Wise (professional thief) Grettir s Saga Homer 142, 176 transformation of actor into epic hero episodes 32 evaluations 30, 224, Evans, Richard 188 event structure of narrative fact 56 Fayer, Joan 148 fiction 37 39, 193, 225 finite clauses 15, 17 flashback constraint Francis, Cherie 123 free clauses Freeman, Mark 10 236 Furlow, Gerry: Injuries that could not be overcome audience design 58 reconstruction Galed, Claire 70 gender differences , 118, 129 Georgakapoulou, Alexandra 9 Goodman, Nelson 25 Grettir s Saga Grote, George 193 Guyton, Henry: He come to me in a dream credibility 101 reconstruction 100 habitual narrative Harris, Wendell 179 Havelock, Eric A. xi Hawkins, Ross: The first man killed by a car in this town Episode 1 71 Episode 2 71 Episode 3 72 moral responsibility polarization 35 reconstruction Herodotus: Astyages and Harpagus Episode 1: The confession of Harpagus Episode 2: The abominable dinner Hester, Adolphus: I don t know how to pray credibility reconstruction 106 remembering and telling 39 Hinton, Leanne see Furlow, Gerry: Injuries that could not be overcome historians use of narrative 12, credibility in 197, 225 Kay: The Melville background modern narrative 188 role of personal narrative Sophists 193 traditional narrative 188 see also 2 Samuel: The death of Absalom ; Bindoff, S. T., Herodotus: Astyages and Harpagus ; Macaulay, Thomas Babington: The death of Monmouth historical present Homer 142, 176 Hymes, Dell 75 Icelandic saga 178 independent clauses 15 initiating events 24 25, 106 initiating matrix 25 Inverso, Bill 148 Jimmy and the Bike 34 jokes 22, 38 Journal of Narrative and Life History 5 Kay: The Melville background Ker, W. P. 178 Kiparsky, Paul and Carol 56 Knott, Margie: Her confrontation with the neighbors 11, Episode 1: The fight with the neighbor , Episode 2: The fight with the four of them , 117 Episode 3: On equal ground , Episode 4: An invitation rejected 113, 119 Episode 5: Everything forgotten , Geordie dialect 109 reconstruction representation in memory Kroch, Anthony 91 Labov, William 5 6 Laidlaw, Ellen: Her father s death Episode Episode 2 66 moral responsibility 69 reconstruction language style 2 3 Linde, Charlotte 18 linearity 7 Lord, Albert B. 176 lying 37 39, 193 Macaulay, Ronald K. 65 Macaulay, Thomas Babington: The death of Monmouth 12, criticisms of narrative approach Episode 1: Preparing for execution , 199 Episode 2: The execution Macbeth 22 237 McCaffrey, Donald: His son s death moral responsibility 79, 81 MacLean, Mr.: His wife s death 82 Marx, Karl 198, 225 Melville, Sir James see Kay: The Melville background Mitford, William 193 Monmouth, James Scott, Duke of see Macaulay, Thomas Babington: The death of Monmouth moral indignation 4, 98 moral responsibility 11, 35 36, 41, 146 in confrontations with death 69, 73 75, 78 79, 81, 88 in confrontations with neighbors 129 for escalation of violence 47, 52 moral stance 7 Munslow, Alan 188 narrative big stories 9 10 versus chronicles definition of 7, 14 15, 17 dimensions 7 10 in everyday life 9 versus non-narrative technique 203 questions to be answered 11 small stories 26 study of 5 7 narrative analysis assignment of praise and blame causative verbs 36 construction episodes 32 narrative selves 40 42, 146 narratives versus chronicles prima facie accounts 42 reconstruction 23 27, 225 remembering and telling reportability and credibility 4, 21 23, 223 schema sub rosa accounts 42 temporal organization 14 21, 223 truth, lying and fiction 37 39, 193 uncovering the event structure narrative chain 24 narrative clauses narrative construction abstract 27 orientation 25, 27 28, 37, 224 complicating action 27 30, 224 evaluation 30, 224, scale of objectivity 31, 63, 82 resolution 31 coda 10, 32 and theories of text comprehension Narrative Inquiry 5 narrative reconstruction 23 27, 225 initiating event narrative chain 24 orientation plot and causality 25, 225 rule of narrative recursion 24 narrative recursion, rule of 24 narrative selves 40 42, 146 self as actor 40 self as author 40 self as generalized other 41 self as seen by others 41 self in whose interest story is told narrative view of death and life 12, credibility and causality emotional residue of narrative the logic of narrative analysis negation and coloring of a parallel universe 224, negation, role of 224, neighborhood studies 115 see also Cache County, Utah; Knott, Margie: Her confrontation with the neighbors ; Stein, Gloria: They stoned the house Nice big blue.44 see Triplett, Charles: Nice big blue.44 Norman, Rose: The death of her younger sister 12, Episode 1: Negotiating with the undertaker Episode 2: Borrowing the money to pay the undertaker Episode 3: Negotiating with the corporation ethnographic information polarization of participants 145 reconstruction 138, , 144 requests and responses 145 Yiddish 135 Norrick, Neal R. 23, 39 The Norwegian sailor see Shambaugh, Harold numbered format objectivity 31, 63 paradox of 82 Ochs, Eleanor 7, 20 O Neill, Eugene: Anna Christie 52 238 oral epic narratives see epic style, vernacular origin of orientations in narrative construction 27 28, 37, 118, 224 in narrative reconstruction parallel universes 224, Parry, Adam 176 past perfect construction 16 Paul, Herbert 198 personal narratives 2, 17, 65 comparison with epic narratives historians use of plot 14 and causality 26, 225 polarization and integration of the actors 35 36, in confrontations with death 35, 69, 73 in epic narratives 129, 145 in escalation of violence 58 Pratt, Mary Louise 178 premonitions and communication with the dead 11, Adolphus Hester: I don t know how to pray C. I. Sr.: The notice in the New York Times Henry Guyton: He come to me in a dream Melinda Dalphonso: The falling out 9 10, prima facie accounts 42 Prince, Gerald 15 Principle of Tangential Shifting 8 principles of interest 4 5 probability 25 progressive clauses pseudo-narratives 17 quotation 130 reconstructions see narrative reconstruction remembering and telling reportability 4, 21 23, 223 and credibility the most reportable event 23 24, 223 and tellability 23 requests and responses 145 resolutions 31 Robertson, Jean 32, 186 Sacks, Harvey 10 Sankoff, Gillian 53 Schissel, Jacob, NYC: Jacob Schissel s story 1, scale of objectivity 31 dramatization 33 emotional effect of narrative 6 7 historical present 19 moral responsibility 47 most reportable event 23 narrative selves narrative structure 18 reconstruction 26 27, Seal: In vain I tried to tell you ethnographic background 75 moral responsibility sex and relations 4 Shambaugh, Harold: The Norwegian sailor effect of on audience 48 moral responsibility 52 narrative structure sociolinguistic interviews 2 4, 8 9 principles of interest 4 5 questions 8 reportability 4 tape recordings 2 Sophists 193 South Philadelphia Jewish community 133 see also Norman, Rose: The death of her younger sister Speck, W. A. 197 Sperry, L. 26, 34 Stein, Gloria: They stoned the house 12, Episode 1: They stoned the house Episode 2: The Irish policeman Episode 3: The police captain Episode 4: Confronting the neighbors direct and indirect quotation 130 mother and daughter polarization of participants 129 representation of narrative as a whole 128 role of negation in evaluation 130 story 18 sub rosa accounts 42 subordinate conjunctions 15 temporal subordinate conjunctions 16 tall tales 22, 38 tape recordings 2 Tarentino, Tom: The 60 cc Yamaha moral responsibility 88 tellability 7, 23 tellership 7 telling and remembering 39 40 239 temporal junctures 15, 203, 223 temporal organization egocentric principle 20 21, 204 flashback constraint historical present narrative and free clauses numbered format tense 14 temporal subordinate conjunctions 16 tense 14 tensed clauses 15 terminology 18, 32 text comprehension third-party witness 31 Thucydides 188 Trabasso, T. 26, 34 traditional tales see epic style, vernacular origin of; Seal: In vain I tried to tell you Triplett, Charles: Nice big blue scale of objectivity 31 truth, lying and fiction 37 39, 193 verisimilitude 25, 225 vernacular 3 see also epic style, vernacular origin of violence, escalation of 11, Charles Triplett: Nice big blue.44 28, 31, Doug D Almaggio: Bar in South Philadelphia Gerry Furlow: Injuries that could not be overcome Harold Shambaugh: The Norwegian sailor 17 18, Joanna Williams: The bushel of peaches moral responsibility for 47, 52 polarization and integration of the actors 58 see also Knott, Margie: Her confrontation with the neighbors, Schissel, Jacob, NYC: Jacob Schissel s story Waletzky, Joshua 5 6 Wierzbicka, Anna 18 Williams, Joanna: The bushel of peaches Wise, Donald (professional thief) Holding up the gas man Episode 1: In the car Episode 2: At the station The Hustlers Convention 180 toasts Wise, Donald (war correspondent) 185 Xenophon 188 Yugoslavian bards 176
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