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GRADE 12 TIPS FOR SUCCESS 2010 Grade 12 learners of 2010 This book has been prepared for you. When you receive the book there will be 200 days until the start of the National Senior Certificate Examinations.
GRADE 12 TIPS FOR SUCCESS 2010 Grade 12 learners of 2010 This book has been prepared for you. When you receive the book there will be 200 days until the start of the National Senior Certificate Examinations. Use every day well in preparation for writing the examinations. Use this book in preparing for the writing of the examinations. The book contains tips on how to study and how to write an examination. It contains inspiring stories from successful grade 12 learners of Finally it has lists of content to be studied in each subject. Use this book with your textbook and past examination papers. The WCED wishes you a happy and successful final year of school. Navrae Enquiries IMibuzo Telefoon Telephone IFoni Faks Fax IFeksi Verwysing Reference ISalathiso District Directors Wes-Kaap Onderwysdepartement Western Cape Education Department ISebe lemfundo lentshona Koloni To all WCED Grade 12 NSC Candidates Dear Grade 12 Learner The final school examination for the National Senior Certificate is extremely important. Good results can open doors for you that will influence the quality of your future life. For the next few months you should focus strongly on your school work. The WCED has prepared this book to help you with your examination preparation. This book contains tips for success in the examinations. The content lists for your subjects will help you to draw up your study timetable. Use your time well. Work systematically through the subject content making notes and mind maps using your textbooks and study guides. Once you have covered all the topics, work through the exam papers from the past two years. These examinations should give you a good idea of the types of questions you can expect in a final examination. If you need help, please ask your teachers, your friends or your family. You may also want to look at our website Good luck, be your best, and study hard! It s worth it! Yours sincerely PENNY VINJEVOLD HEAD: EDUCATION DATE: MELD ASSEBLIEF VERWYSINGSNOMMERS IN ALLE KORRESPONDENSIE / PLEASE QUOTE REFERENCE NUMBERS IN ALL CORRESPONDENCE / NCEDA UBHALE IINOMBOLO ZESALATHISO KUYO YONKE IMBALELWANO GRAND CENTRAL TOWERS, LAER-PARLEMENTSTRAAT, PRIVAATSAK X9114, KAAPSTAD 8000 GRAND CENTRAL TOWERS, LOWER PARLIAMENT STREET, PRIVATE BAG X9114, CAPE TOWN 8000 WEB: INBELSENTRUM /CALL CENTRE INDIENSNEMING- EN SALARISNAVRAE/EMPLOYMENT AND SALARY QUERIES VEILIGE SKOLE/SAFE SCHOOLS Contents 10 Things to do to succeed in the Grade 12 Examinations Tips for Success Step 1: Time Management...3 Step 2: How to study Step 3: Effective examination writing techniques...6 Example of a study timetable for June Matric 2010 Blank study timetable for you to copy Make your dream come true National Senior Certificate (NSC) Examination Timetable October/November Bursaries and Loans...19 Content / concept lists per subject...21 Accounting Afrikaans Eerste Addisionele Taal Afrikaans Tweede Addisionele Taal...24 Agricultural Sciences Business Studies Civil Technology Computer Applications Technology Consumer Studies...30 Dance Studies...31 Design...32 Dramatic Arts Economics...34 Electrical Technology...35 Engineering Graphics and Design...36 English: Home Language...37 Geography...38 History...39 Hospitality Studies Information Technology IsiXhosa...44 Life Orientation Life Sciences Mathematics...47 Mathematics Literacy Mechanical Technology Music...50 Physical Sciences...51 Sesotho & Setswana...52 Tourism...53 Visual Arts 10 THINGS TO DO TO SUCCEED IN THE GRADE 12 EXAMINATIONS 1. The matric timetable is out. There is a copy of it in this booklet. Study it and start to plan now. There are sometimes two exams on one day so you will have to be super sharp and alert. 2. There are only 200 days to the start of final exams. This includes all weekends and holidays. Start today and work everyday. Set targets for achievement 3. Do not miss one day of school between now and your exams. Keep healthy and alert. Listen to your teachers. They have done this before and will help you succeed. 4. Reading is a hot skill. Reading will change your life. Read at least 1000 words everyday. Read everything you can get your hands on. Read accurately and quickly. 5. Writing is power, but it requires practice. We are all judged, every day, on our writing we can inspire, impress, persuade, congratulate and express love in writing. Write at least 400 words every day carefully, accurately and beautifully. 6. Textbooks are an essential student companion. Have you got a textbook for each subject? Make sure you do and that you work systematically through your textbooks. Don t wait for your teacher to explain it all. Look at what you have to cover for the year and plan accordingly. 7. Your BMI can help you in matric. Your Body Mass Index (BMI) is an indication of how healthy you are. Calculate your BMI and then exercise and eat healthily throughout the year to keep an optimum BMI. 8. Academic work requires concentration and focus. Every day you should be engaged in intensive, focused, individual academic work. Turn off ipods, music centres, the TV, the cell phone and have an intensive and rewarding academic workout everyday. Build your brain cells and be the envy of all your friends. 9. Good vibes are good for success. Surround yourself with positive, happy people who want you to succeed. Your family and friends will be important in supporting you in the next 200 days. Be grateful for their support. 10. Matric success requires planning and hard work. Start planning and working today. Attend school every day. Do homework everyday. Read every day. Write and calculate everyday. Stick to your year plan. How many of the items above are you doing? 1-2: Get help urgently. 3-4: Start planning today. 5-6: You are on your way. Intensify your efforts. 7-8: You re well organised and nearly ready for success. 9-10: You re doing great. Help someone else to get organised for success. Aim for the highest mark possible! 1 TIPS FOR SUCCESS This booklet is aimed at providing you with information on how to plan your revision, how to study, how to remember what you have studied and how to write examinations successfully. Your first step to success is TIME MANAGEMENT through proper planning. You need to schedule your activities to include time for studying, assignments, sports or hobbies, and your family and friends. In this booklet you will find a blank study timetable that you can use to plan your study time. Ensure that you give each subject sufficient study time, with a little more time for subjects with which you are having difficulty. TIME MANAGEMENT = PLANNING = SUCCESS You will also find the content and tips for success in the subjects you are studying. Use the information for your seven or more subjects to set up your study timetable. Your second step is to consider HOW TO STUDY. In this booklet there are tips on how to select and remember information, how to make effective notes and how to study. Your third step is preparing yourself for EFFECTIVE EXAMINATION WRITING TAKE CHARGE OF YOUR LIFE AND YOUR FUTURE! START PLANNING. 2 STEP 1 TIME MANAGEMENT Plan to study daily, starting today: Draw up a special study schedule. 50-minute study blocks and 10-minute breaks work well. Select fixed study-times for every day (including a time slot over weekends). Use the long June-July school holidays wisely. Study for at least 3 hours a day in the holidays. Study skills and strategies become study habits only if they are practised regularly. Break up topics into manageable sections. Estimate the time needed, and then double it! STEP 2 HOW TO STUDY Decide when you work best, e.g. early morning, afternoons, evenings. Where do you like to work? Home? Library? School? Community centre? Where can you work undisturbed? Set up a place for your studying table, chair, uncluttered work space, good lighting. Do you work well with others? Do you have a friend who could be your study buddy? How do you best remember information? Seeing? Hearing? Through action? People have different preferred learning styles, but use them all. 3 Make your studying active by using study methods, writing, drawing, summarizing, chanting or teaching your study buddy. Concentrate fully and try not to allow your mind to wander. This improves with practice. Avoid last-minute cramming. Mentally prepare to study (RAVES) Use Relaxation techniques to calm your mind. Arrange goals and priorities for each study block. Visualise yourself capable of full concentration. Emotional words for success: effort, enthusiasm, energy, eagerness Use positive Self-talk to set a positive attitude. Memory principles Be selective when you study. Select significant information. You cannot learn every detail. Make your own notes, focusing on what is most important. Associate new information with what you already know. Visualise. Try to create stories or movies in your mind. Recite. Use your own words. Explain the information to a friend/family member. Go back and check for accuracy and additional details. ABOUT MEMORISING Memorising skills can be learned. There are many different skills you can learn to help you remember information. Here are some examples: Mind maps Cartoons, pictures, labelling Rhymes and jingles use words that rhyme to help you remember important facts Word association, key words, flash cards Creating acronyms: e.g. RICE stands for rest, ice, compression and elevation (What to do when somebody is injured) Grouping or categorising organize the information into logical clusters Memory Use it or lose it! Memory strategies require practice and discipline. 4 Memory Tip 1 Pay attention and listen carefully in class. Make sure you understand the content and concepts. If not, ask the teacher questions. Memory Tip 2 Make effective notes. In order for information to be stored in long-term memory, it first needs to pass through your short-term or working memory. This stage of memory is limited in the amount of information it can retain. Information you receive in class must be written down or you will forget it. When revising from your textbooks, seek out the important information and write it down. Organise it logically. Reduce it to key terms or a form that is easy to remember. Memory Tip 3 Remember these three Rs: Repeat, Repeat, Repeat Memory Tip 4 Use mnemonics. Mnemonics are devices, using arbitrary, easy-toremember associations, to help you remember information. Examples: sohcahtoa (used in trigonometry to memorize important information about the sine, cosine, and tangent) roygbiv (the colours of the rainbow in their correct order red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo and violet) Memory Tip 5 Generate examples. A very effective way of checking your own understanding is to generate examples of related concepts, situations, relationships, events or case studies. If you cannot do this, it is likely that you do not fully understand this aspect of the syllabus. Ask your teacher for help. Memory Tip 6 Use visual imagery. Visualization of a concept, situation, relationship or sequence of events can be a very powerful way to learn. Create stories or movies in your mind, or make your own drawings, stick figures or cartoons. 5 Memory Tip 7 Make associations. Make connections between the new information and something familiar to you. Memory Tip 8 Use rehearsal strategies Practise retrieving information by reciting key ideas, predicting questions, practising problem-solving and testing yourself by using previous exam papers. Applying memory Once you have memorized information, rather than just restating that information, you need to be able to use it. You should do the following: Analyse the information. Identify exactly what the examination question is asking for. Make sure that the information is required by the question. In some cases, apply the information in a context. In some cases, develop a well-reasoned argument. Present information logically and coherently. STEP 3 EFFECTIVE EXAMINATION WRITING TECHNIQUES Exam Writing Tip 1 Arrive early and ready to begin. Exam Writing Tip 2 Read and understand the instructions. Check that you have received the correct question paper. ALWAYS carefully read the INSTRUCTIONS at the beginning of the question paper. Many students do not take the time to do this and discover later that they answered the wrong questions. Are you required to answer a certain number of questions or do you have to answer all of them? Ask for clarification if you are unsure. 6 Exam Writing Tip 3 Preview the question paper and allocate your writing time appropriately. Read through the whole examination paper before you begin writing. Note the number of questions and what they are worth. Reading over the questions before you start writing will assist in activating your memory. Decide which questions will be easier to do and which ones will take more time. Identify where you have choices among questions and within questions and decide which questions to choose. Allocate time for the answering of each question. Also allow for time to go over your answers and to make corrections. If you think of something as you preview, write it down immediately. Exam Writing Tip 4 Tackle each question systematically. Read each question carefully, underlining key words, especially the verbs that tell you what to do. Is it a one-part or a two-part question? What are you being asked to do? Identify what you have and what you need. Plan the way you will answer the question and make a few notes on the steps you will take. This will provide you and the person marking the exam with an idea of how you attempted the question. This will also assist you with finding and correcting your mistakes. Some questions may ask you to apply your knowledge. Write your answer in the format requested, e.g. an essay, a programme, a review, an interview, a letter, a calculation. Exam Writing Tip 5 Write down something for every question If all you can do is provide a definition, then do so. If you are running out of time, answer in point form, instead of complete sentences. Write down anything you know that is related to the question. Exam Writing Tip 6 Set out your answers clearly. Write legibly so the marker can read it easily. Leave spaces between questions and always start a new section on a new page. Make sure you number your answers correctly according to the numbering on the question paper. 7 Exam Writing Tip 7 If you feel you are unable to answer a question, don t panic and allow anxiety to affect how you are going to fare in the exam. Ask yourself What do I need to know to answer this question?, and start writing down your thoughts. Avoid negative self-talk focus on the task instead of yourself. Exam Writing Tip 8 Review and make corrections. Take time to go over your answers. Do not change anything unless you are quite sure it is wrong. Check mathematical answers by performing reverse calculations. Look at the processes you used. Make sure you have given everything that was asked for. Exam Writing Tip 9 Stay until the end. Don t leave until the exam invigilators throw you out! Sometimes, it takes a little more time for the information in your memory to surface. So use all the time you are given. SCHOOL BASED ASSESSMENT AND PATS The school based assessment tasks and PATs prepare you for your final examinations. Make sure that you have handed in all your tasks. This will already give you a good chance of passing and doing well. Remember if you do not hand in all of the PAT or SBA tasks you will receive a 999 which means incomplete. You will not matriculate with your friends and your name will not appear in the newspaper. Enjoy the challenge of having your knowledge tested and do not panic. REFERENCES Learning resources (Academic Support Centre, University of Alberta) Smart study: a guide to skill yourself to be a better student (Edumedia, 2005) Fleet, J, Goodchild, F, & Zajchowski, R, Learning for success (Harcourt Brace & Company, 1999) 8 Example of a study timetable for June study blocks per day of 50 minutes each, with a 10 minute break between each block Subject combination: English, Afrikaans, Mathematics, Life Orientation, History, Economics, Life Sciences Sunday Monday Tues Wed Thurs Fri Sat 1 Maths: Quadratic equations and inequalities Hist: The Civil Rights Movements and Black Power movements in the USA Econ: Circular flow model, national account and multiplier 2 Maths: Simultaneous equations Hist: The Black Consciousness Movement in SA: Econ: Business cycles 3 Maths: Number patterns and sequences (linear and quadratic) Hist: Apartheid in the 1980s: Econ: Role of the public sector 4 Maths: Arithmetic and geometric sequences and series Hist: South Africa in the 1990s Econ: Foreign exchange market 5 Maths: Functions and graphs Hist: Revise sections from last 4 days. Econ: Revise sections from the last 4 days. Selfquiz. Check past exam papers 6 Relax with family 7 Eng: Comparative and superlative degrees of adjectives and adverbs Life Sci: DNA & RNA LO: Citizenship education 8 Eng: Parts of speech Read setwork Life Sci: DNA and RNA LO: Bill of Rights 9 Schools close. Eng: Setwork - sociopolitical and cultural background of text Life Sci: Inheritance & genetic disorders LO: Labour law 10 Eng: Synonyms and antonyms, idioms, idiomatic expressions & proverbs Life Sci: Inheritance & genetic disorders LO: Trade unions 11 Eng: Setwork - themes, messages and values in the text Life Sci: Plant reproduction LO: Employment Equity Act 12 Eng: Setwork - characters and their relationships Life Sci: Plant reproduction LO: Work ethics 13 Afr: Kortverhale lees die verhaal World Cup soccer 14 Afr: Kortverhale - inhoud van die verhaal Life Sci: Local environmental issues -terminology Eng: Parts of speech 5 Afr: Kortverhale karakters, hul karaktereienskappe Life Sci: Air pollution Eng: Punctuation 16 Afr: Kortverhalegebeure; oorsaak en gevolg van gebeure Life Sci: Water pollution Eng: Tenses (verb forms and auxiliaries) 17 Afr: Kortverhale ironie, tema, boodskap en soort verteller Life Sci: Soil pollution Eng: Concord 18 Afr: Kortverhale - Tyd en ruimte (milieu/ agtegrond) van die gebeure Life Sci: Exploitation of natural resources Eng: Direct and indirect speech 19 Family function Day off. 20 Afr: Kortverhale - Kontraste Life Sci: Waste management Hist: The Black Consciousness Movement in SA 21 Maths: Functions and graphs parabola, hyperbola Econ: Business cycles - composition and features Hist: Ideas of Steve Biko 22 Maths:Functions and graphs - exponential Econ: Business cycles explanations, Government policy Hist: Spread of Black Consciousness Movement 23 Maths: Functions and graphs - inverse functions Econ: Business cycles new economic paradigm Hist: 1976 Soweto Uprising 24 Maths: Functions and graphs trig: and their transformations Econ: Business cycles features, forecasting Hist: Impact of BCM 25 Maths: Functions and graphs - revise all Econ: Business cycles revise all Hist: Impact of Steve Biko 26 Day off 9 Blank study timetable for you to copy MATRIC 2010 Sun/Son Mon/Maan Tues/Dins Wed/Woens Thurs/Dond Fri/Vry Sat 10 MAKE YOUR DREAM COME TRUE 2010 Grade 12 learners: This is your opportunity to make your dreams come true Grade 12 is a challenging and demanding year for learners. You need extra support and good advice. This booklet seeks to motivate and encourage current Grade 12 learners by providing the success stories of some of the learners who did well in the 2009 National Senior Certificate Examinations. These learners share their stories by first giving their backgrounds, highlighting the strategies that they used to ensure good results, and then providing words of encouragement and motivation. It is hoped that, upon reading the stories of these successful 2009 NSC candidates, current Grade 12 learners will be encouraged and convinced that, irrespective of their situations and the challenges that they face, they can achieve success if they work harder and smarter. Learners w
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