Badminton | Referee | Racquet Sports

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Badminton Introduction Badminton is a court game. So like tennis and basketball, among others, badminto n is played on a court with defined measurements. One size court for singles gam es and another larger court for doubles games, again like tennis. There is a net that dissects the middle of the court and the players, using a racket, hit a sh uttlecock back and fourth over the net until a point is scored. A point is score d when the shuttlecock touches the ground, when it is hit out of bounds,
  Badminton IntroductionBadminton is a court game. So like tennis and basketball, among others, badminton is played on a court with defined measurements. One size court for singles games and another larger court for doubles games, again like tennis. There is a netthat dissects the middle of the court and the players, using a racket, hit a shuttlecock back and fourth over the net until a point is scored. A point is scored when the shuttlecock touches the ground, when it is hit out of bounds, if theshuttlecock is not hit over the net or if it touches a player or their clothing.Badminton at the professional level is played at a very high rate of speed andis probably the fastest racket sport in the world. While not a popular sport inthe United States, like baseball or basketball, badminton has a wide following in Asia and Europe. In Asia badminton is very popular in Indonesia and Japan andin Europe in Denmark and Sweden. Badminton became an Olympic sport in 1992.Badminton RulesObject of the Game: Like most, if not all games, the objective in Badminton is to score more points than your opponents. Women's singles Badminton is played to11 points and all other Badminton games are played until 15 points are scored.Coin Toss: The game starts with the toss of a coin and the winner can choose toserve or receive in the first game, or they can pick a particular end of the court to play from. If a coin is not available you can toss the shuttle or spin a racket to decide who will choose.Serve: The server and the receiver will stand diagonally opposite one another inthe service courts. At the start of the game they will always start on the right-hand side of the service court. The server must have a part of both feet on the court when serving, no jumping. They must stay within the bounds of the service court and this means not touching any of the service court lines and they mustserve underhand. The shuttle must be hit below the server's waist and the racket's head must be below the hand that is holding the shuttle when it is hit. Thereceiver must not move until the service is struck. In single's matches, the server must stand in the left-hand service court if the point total adds up to being an odd number and in the right-hand service court if the total is zero or an even number. In doubles the server will switch service courts each time their team wins a rally. When the team loses a rally on the server's serve, then the serve will move to their partner and they will serve from the other service court. When both players on the same team have lost their serve then other team gets toserve and they follow the same rules.Rally and Faults: A player or team wins a rally (the same thing as winning a point) if the shuttle is hit over the net and onto the floor (ground) of the opposing side's court. A shuttle that lands on the line is considered to have landedin-bounds. A rally is lost if a fault occurs. There are a number of ways a faultcan occur, if the shuttle hits the ceiling or outside of the court. If a shuttle hits a player or their clothing. If a shuttle hits the net or post and drops on the server's side it is a fault. A rally is also lost if the shuttle is hit before it crosses the net or does not pass the net. If the same player hits the shuttle twice in a row on the same play or if partners both hit the shuttle beforeit has been returned over the net, these are both faults. A fault occurs if a player touches the net or one of the posts with their racket, clothes or any partof their body. If a player swings and misses while serving, a fault is called.Players will be guilty of a fault if they intentionally distract an opponent byshouting or making gestures or by some other means.Scoring: A match consists of the best of three games. If the serving side wins arally, it scores a point and then gets to serve again, but from the alternate service court. If the receiving team or player wins the rally, that side wins the  serve, but the score doesn't change, another way of saying this is that only the serving side can win the point. So you could have the serve change many timeswithout the score changing, but this does not happen a lot. Fifteen points winsa game; however, if the score is tied at 14-14, the side that gets to 14 first can decide to either play to 15, or to set the game to 17 points. In ladies' singles matches, the game is played to 11 points, but if the game is tied 10-10 thenthe winning score can be increased to 13 points.Let: A let can occur, this means that play will be stopped, in the following situations.When a shuttle gets stuck on the top of the net or when the shuttle passes overthe net and then gets caught on the other side of the net. This second situationis not true if it happens on a serve, then it is a fault on the server. If theserver and receiver both commit a fault at the same time it is a let. And a letoccurs if a server serves before the receiver is ready to accept the serve or ifthe shuttle comes apart.Ends: Players change ends at the completion of each game. They also change endsin the middle of the third game and when a player or teams score reaches 8 in a15-point game or 6-points in an 11-point game. A five-minute break is given before the start of any third game.Please see our section entitled Badminton Equipment for a description of the size of a Badminton court and for a description of Badminton of equipment.Badminton OfficialsUnlike other sports Badminton does not require many referees or judges. In a Badminton game there is one umpire who is in charge of the court and the immediatecourt surroundings.Now a Service Judge and Line Judges can also be used and in a tournament situation there might also be an overall referee. However, appeals to the referee can only be on the rules of the game and whether a rule was enforced correctly.But for most matches one umpire is the only official overseeing the game.Badminton Faults and LetsBelow is a list of Faults and Lets that can take place in Badminton along with adescription of both.A Fault is a violation of the playing rules, which can happen when serving, receiving, or during play. There are two kinds of Faults: Service Faults and GeneralFaults.Service Faults Include.1) The shuttle can't be hit above the waist level of the server.2) The head of the racket must be completely below the lowest part of the hand that is holding the racket.3) The server's feet must be completely in the service court.4) Both the serve's feet must be in contact with the court.5) A fake or false serve can't be made.  6) The player receiving the serve must be standing in the correct court.7) The player receiving the serve can't move before the shuttle is hit.8) The shuttle is hit outside of the correct service court.General Faults Include:1) The shuttle drops outside of the court.2) The shuttle hits a player or their clothing.3) The shuttle fails to clear the net.4) A player hits the shuttle before it has crossed the net into their side of the court.5) A player hits the shuttle twice, with two hits, before it clears the net, ora player and their partner hit the shuttle in two consecutive shots.6) A player touches the net or posts while the shuttle is in play.7) If a player attempts to distract or somehow interfere with an opponents play.8) The shuttle passes through or under the net.9) The shuttle touches the roof, ceiling or any side walls.10) The shuttle touches an object or person out of bounds.11) The shuttle is held or caught on the racket.A Let is a legitimate stoppage of play. Examples of a let include, a shuttlecockgetting caught in the net; a server serving before the opposing team is ready.When there is a let the prior play is not counted and the serve is taken over and no points are scored.1) Shuttle gets caught in the net after passing over it, except if this happenson service.2) Server serves before the opposing team is ready.3) The player serving and the player receiving both commit faults at the same time.4) The shuttle somehow comes apart.5) The server serves from the wrong court but only if the mistake is not realized before the next serve.6) An object such as another shuttle comes into the court and interferes with the play of the game.Alley: An extension of the court, on each side of the court, by l feet 6 inchesor 46 centimeters, for doubles play.All-rounder: A versatile player who can do a little of everything, this player can return most shots, but who also has a good smash shot to finish rallies.Attacking Clear: This is an offensive shot, which is hit deep into the opponent  's court.Attacker: A player who hits numerous smash shots and who uses jumps to compel the opposing team into a defensive formation.Back Alley: When playing doubles this is the area between the back boundary lineand the long service line.Backcourt: The back third of the court, in the area of the back boundary lines.Backhand: This is a stroke that is used to return the shuttlecock that was hit to the left of a right-handed player and to the right of a left-handed player.Base Position: When playing a singles game, a player tries to return to the baseposition, also called the center position, after they have returned a shot. Thebase position is in the center of the court.Baseline: This is the back boundary line or the end line that marks the end of the court. It runs parallel to the net. Any shot hit over then baseline is out ofbounds.Balk: Any deceptive movement that attempts to fool or deceive an opposing playerbefore or during the service. It is also called a feint. Bird: This is the object that the players hit back and forth over the net. It ismade of cork and goose feathers; it is also called a shuttlecock.Block Return: A return shot that drops quickly over the net because it was not hit with much force.Bringer: The name for a player who returns all those shots, which come into their end of the court.Carry: An illegal stroke, which also goes by the name of a sling or throw. Thishappens when the shuttlecock is briefly caught and held on the racket and thenslung over the netCenter or Base Position: See Base PositionCenter Line: This is a line, which runs perpendicular to the net, and it separates the left and right service courts.Center Position: See Base PositionClear: A shot hit deep to the opponent's back boundary line. There are two typesof clear shots; the high clear is a defensive shot, the flat attacking clear isan offensive shot.Court: The area where the game is played marked by the boundary lines, which arethe sidelines and the baseline. The Court is 44 feet or 13.40 meters long; it is 20 feet or 6.10 meters wide for doubles play and 17 feet or 5.18 meters wide for singles play.Doubles: Just like tennis, two people playing on one team. So four people are on the court at the same time.Doubles Sideline: The furthest edge of the court. The doubles court is 6.10 meters wide or about 20 feet.Drive: A low and fast shot that goes over the net in a straight or horizontal fl
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