Badminton | Racquet Sports | Manmade Materials

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BERNAL, Jan Carlo E. 2011110405 PE13 AC2 10 January 2012 Prof. Arnel Reyes BADMINTON Badminton is a racquet sport played by either two opposing players (singles) or two opposing pairs (doubles), who take positions on opposite halves of a rectangular court that is divided by a net. Players score points by striking a shuttlecock with their racquet so that it passes over the net and lands in their opponents' half of the court. Each side may only strike the shuttlecock once before it passes over
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  BERNAL, Jan Carlo E. PE13  AC2 10 January 20122011110405 Prof. Arnel Reyes BADMINTON Badminton is a racquet sport played by either two opposing players (singles) or two opposing pairs(doubles), who take positions on opposite halves of a rectangular court that is divided by a net. Players scorepoints by striking a shuttlecock with their racquet so that it passes over the net and lands in their opponents'half of the court. Each side may only strike the shuttlecock once before it passes over the net. A rally endsonce the shuttlecock has struck the floor. History BADMINTON was invented long ago; a form of sport played in ancient Greece and Egypt. Badmintoncame from a child's game called battledore and shuttlecock, in which two players hit a feathered shuttlecockback and forth with tiny rackets. The game was called POONA in India during the 18th Century, and British Army Officers stationed there took the Indian version back to England in the 1860's. The army men introducedthe game to friends, but the new sport was definitely launched there at a party given in 1873 by the Duke of Beaufort at his country place, Badminton in Gloucestershire. During that time, the game had no name, but it was referred to as The Game of Badminton, and, thereupon, Badminton became its official name. Until 1887the sport was played in England under the rules that prevailed in India. They were, from the Englishviewpoint, somewhat contradictory and confusing. Since a small army of badminton players had beenrecruited, a group formed itself into the Bath Badminton Club, standardized the rules, made the gameapplicable to English ideas and the basic regulations, drawn up in 1887, still guide the sport. In 1895, theBadminton Association (of England) was formed to take over the authority of the Bath Badminton Club, andthe new group made rules, which now govern the game throughout the world. Size of Court  Racquet Badminton racquets are lightweight, with top quality racquets weighing between 70 and 95 grams (2.4to 3.3 ounces) not including grip or strings. They are composed of many different materials rangingfrom carbon fibre composite (graphite reinforced plastic) to solid steel, which may be augmented by a varietyof materials. Carbon fibre has an excellent strength to weight ratio, is stiff, and gives excellent kineticenergy transfer. Before the adoption of carbon fibre composite, racquets were made of light metals such asaluminium. Earlier still, racquets were made of wood. Cheap racquets are still often made of metals such assteel, but wooden racquets are no longer manufactured for the ordinary market, because of their excessivemass and cost. Nowadays, nanomaterials such as fullerene and carbon nanotubes are added to rackets givingthem greater durability. Shuttlecock  A shuttlecock (often abbreviated to shuttle; also called a birdie) is a high-drag projectile, with anopen conical shape: the cone is formed from sixteen overlapping feathers embedded into a rounded cork base.The cork is covered with thin leather or synthetic material. Synthetic shuttles are often used by recreationalplayers to reduce their costs as feathered shuttles break easily. These nylon shuttles may be constructed witheither natural cork or synthetic foam base, and a plastic skirt. Rules of the Game The Laws of Badminton and Competition Regulations in the BWF Statutes provide the detail on everyaspect of the game of badminton. Below is a brief overview - simplified rules.Scoring System y    A match consists of the best of 3 games of 21 points. y   Every time there is a serve  there is a point scored. y   The side winning a rally adds a point to its score. y    At 20 all, the side which gains a 2 point lead first, wins that game. y    At 29 all, the side scoring the 30th point, wins that game. y   The side winning a game serves first in the next game.Interval and Change of Ends y   When the leading score reaches 11 points, players have a 60 second interval. y    A 2 minute interval between each game is allowed. y   In the third game, players change ends when the leading score reaches 11 points.Singles y    At the beginning of the game (0-0) and when the servers score is even, the server serves from theright service court. When the servers score is odd, the server serves from the left service court. y   If the server wins a rally, the server scores a point and then serves again from the alternate servicecourt. y   If the receiver wins a rally, the receiver scores a point and becomes the new server. They servefrom the appropriate service court  left if their score is odd, and right if it is even.Doubles y    A side has only one service. y   The service passes consecutively to the players as shown in the diagram. y    At the beginning of the game and when the score is even, the server serves from the right servicecourt. When it is odd, the server serves from the left court. y   If the serving side wins a rally, the serving side scores a point and the same server serves againfrom the alternate service court. y   If the receiving side wins a rally, the receiving side scores a point. The receiving side becomes thenew serving side. y   The players do not change their respective service courts until they win a point when their side isserving.  Scoring New scoring system (21-point system)1.    A match consists of the best of 3 games; each game consists of 21 points.2.   The side winning a rally adds a point to its score (regardless which side was serving).3.    At 20 all (ex: 20-20), the side which gains a 2 point lead first, wins that game.4.    At 29 all, the side scoring the 30th point first, wins that game.5.   The side winning a game will serve first in the next game.6.   When one side reaches 11 points, both players will get a 60 sec of break.7.   For doubles matches, only one service is allowed.8.   Player at right court will serve when even point. (ex: 0,2,4,6,8,10)9.   Player at left court will serve when odd point. (ex: 1,3,5,7,9,11)10.   Other old (15-point system) rules remain the same.Traditional scoring system (15-point system)1.    A match consists of the best of 3 games; each game consists of 15 points except ladies single whichconsists of 11 points each game.2.   Only the one who won the rally and with serve will get a point added to its score. If he/she loses therally, service will be transferred over to opponent and both do not gain any point.3.   The opponent now must win the rally in order to gain a point. If he does, he will gain a point andcontinue to hold the serve and will gain another if he win the rally again. If he lost the rally, the servewill be transferred to opposite side again with no point added to both side and this continue.4.    At 14 all, the side that not holding the serve can decide whether to play additional 3 points. (for ladiessingle would be 10 all)5.   Player at right court will serve when even point. (ex: 0,2,4,6,8,10)6.   Player at left court will serve when odd point. (ex: 1,3,5,7,9,11)7.   Two serves are allowed for doubles game (men doubles, women doubles or mix doubles)
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