1 "The Value of Volunteers" Lesson Plan. 4-H-1001 Volume 1 New 1/07

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1 The Value of Volunteers Lesson Plan 4-H-1001 Volume 1 New 1/07 2 Learning Objectives 1. Define a volunteer. 2. Describe current volunteer trends, values, and benefits. 3. Identify motivating factors
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1 The Value of Volunteers Lesson Plan 4-H-1001 Volume 1 New 1/07 2 Learning Objectives 1. Define a volunteer. 2. Describe current volunteer trends, values, and benefits. 3. Identify motivating factors that lead individuals to volunteer. Supplies & Resources Needed Lesson plan with instructional objectives Notes pages of PowerPoint presentation with talking points LCD projector and laptop with PowerPoint presentation loaded Copies of PowerPoint slides printed as a three-slides/page handout for each participant Copies of lesson plan quiz for each participant Pencils or pens for volunteers to take notes and complete the quiz Copies of The Value of Volunteers fact sheet References The American Heritage Dictionary (2nd college ed.). (1982). Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company. Giving and volunteering in the United States 2001, Independent Sector. (n.d.) Retrieved October 1, 2006, from Vineyard, S. (1989). Beyond banquets, plaques, & pins: creative ways to recognize volunteers. Darien, IL: Heritage Arts Publishing. Volunteer in the United States, 2004, United States Department of Labor. (2004). Retrieved October 1, 2006, from ftp://ftp.bls.gov/pub/news.release/history/volun news Projected Length minutes, depending upon length of time allowed for discussion questions. Instructor Notes If you will be using the PowerPoint presentation to share this lesson with the volunteers, set up the laptop and LCD projector prior to the start of the program and test the equipment to be sure it is working properly. Welcome the group and thank them for their participation. Begin The Value of Volunteers PowerPoint presentation. Utilize the talking points found on the notes pages of the PowerPoint presentation to guide you during the presentation. Review the purpose and objectives for this lesson plan. Provide a brief introduction of the lesson, including its importance to the 4-H Youth Development Program. Proceed with the lecture portion of the lesson. Distribute The Value of Volunteers fact sheet to each participant. Conclude the lesson with a time for questions from the participants. Methods/Content 3 Information found on Slides #1-2. Introduction Included in the Belonging Concept of the Essential Elements of 4-H Youth Development is a positive relationship with a caring adult. In 4-H we are able to meet this element in large part through our strong volunteer base. This session is designed to illustrate the importance of volunteers to the youth in the 4-H program. In this session, we ll focus on 3 objectives. 1. Define a volunteer. 2. Describe current volunteer trends, values, and benefits. 3. Identify motivating factors that lead individuals to volunteer. Objective 1 Define a volunteer. Information found on Slide #3. There are a number of ways that we can define a volunteer. The key point is that the individual volunteers time or services and is not directly compensated. Volunteers may receive reimbursement of incidental expenses (program supplies, mileage, etc.) and still be considered a volunteer. What is a Volunteer? Two definitions: A person who performs or gives his services of his own free will. Source: The American Heritage Dictionary, Second College Edition A person who did unpaid work (except for expenses) through or for an organization. Source: United States Department of Labor, 2004 Objective 2 Describe current volunteer trends, values, and benefits. Information found on Slides #4-9. There are several general trends that we see in volunteerism. 4 Trends in Volunteerism Volunteer characteristics Women (46%) more likely to volunteer than men (42%) year old group most likely to volunteer (34.7%) Those who volunteer typically contribute more than those who do not ($2,295 to $1,009) Women volunteer on average more than men. The year old group is the most likely to volunteer (perhaps because this is an age when that population has school-age children and their volunteer services are needed more than ever!) Those who volunteer time are also more likely to contribute financially. Value of Volunteers 44% of adults volunteer an average of 3.6 hours/week million adults volunteer a total of 15.5 billion hours; equivalent of over 9 million full-time employees Nationally, volunteer contributions worth $18.04 per hour in 2005 ($15.57 in Indiana). Nationwide volunteers donated time valued at $280 billion. Source: Independent Sector, Our 4-H volunteers are likely to have a higher than average volunteer rate. Think about the economic advantages of having 9 million additional full time employees who are willing to volunteer their services! What a boost to the economy and to society as a whole! If a volunteer were to get paid for the work they do, these hourly rates are what their time would be worth. Volunteers benefit the 4-H program in many ways Point of local contact for information Historical perspective of the program; may have been participants themselves Great network of contacts for people, donations, etc. Know who to contact; typically well-respected by the community There are numerous benefits that volunteers bring to the 4-H Program. Staff and members can rely on the volunteers to help them to network throughout the community and to identify resources that can help support the program. Allow organization to reach wide range of audiences The program is owned by the local people; staff members come and go, but the local people have the long-term ownership of the program 5 Indiana has just over 100 professional staff assigned to work with the 4-H members. To achieve the level of personal contact we hope to have with 4-H members to help make 4-H a positive youth development experience, we must have a group of talented, caring volunteers who can help deliver 4-H programming. Volunteers enable 4-H to reach a much larger audience than would be possible for the staff to reach on their own. Youth benefit from volunteers who Care about them; Let them know they are valued; Provide opportunities for them to make decisions and try out ideas; Show confidence in their ability; Help them develop new skills; Youth in our communities need the presence of a caring adult now more than ever before. Many of our youth face significant issues at home; our 4-H volunteers can help fill the void for the youth who do not have parents who are able or available to work with them on a consistent basis. This is a huge responsibility for 4-H volunteers, but also a very rewarding one! Communicate realistic, appropriate, and positive expectations; Listen to them; Spend time with them; Recognize their efforts, achievements, and special qualities; and Serve as good role models. Part of the reason that we require each person to complete the screening process and application is so that we can assure our youth and their parents that the 4-H volunteers who will be working with their children will be positive role models for them. Group Discussion Information found on Slide #10. (Instructions: depending upon time available, divide the group into small groups of 3-4. Ask each group to share personal examples of how a volunteer in 4-H was particularly valuable. Be sure to emphasize to the volunteers the importance of recalling these examples as they complete their volunteer work in 4-H and elsewhere.) Share a personal example of a volunteer who has demonstrated great value to the 4-H program. What did this person do that was so memorable? How can you use this example to help you in your volunteer experiences? 6 Objective 3 Identify motivating factors that lead individuals to volunteer. Information found on Slides # There are a number of reasons why people choose to volunteer. This slide lists some of the influencing factors. Factors influencing volunteer participation People volunteer when asked to do so (71%). 2/3 of volunteers first volunteered as youth, often with their family. Volunteer marketing campaigns simply heighten awareness. Volunteers often work on issues pertinent to them or their family. Notice that the most frequently-reported reason that people volunteer is when they are asked. There is a lesson here that all of us need to remember: If we need help, we need to ask! Another point to note is the importance of encouraging youth to learn to volunteer. Those youth who volunteer at a young age will learn the value of volunteering and will be much more likely to volunteer when they reach adulthood. Motivational factors for volunteers Individuals are motivated to volunteer for a number of reasons. Here are a few Affiliation Achievement Power Source: Vineyard, Sue. Beyond Banquets, Plaques, & Pins There are a number of motivational factors for volunteers. This list is one of the more common ones. Each motivational factor has some positive characteristics and some less-than-desirable ones. The Affiliation-Motivated Person Needs personal interaction Makes friends Is involved with group projects Has personal relationship with the supervisor The Affiliation-motivated person is one who volunteers because they like to be around people. 7 Works best with people they know well Likes to be perceived as a good person Wants to be liked and keep people happy Appreciates social opportunities Caution: these people may sacrifice the organization s programs to be popular and well liked. These individuals need to be careful not to compromise the organization s values or guidelines in an attempt to be well-liked. The Achievement-Motivated Person Sets specific goals to meet Works well alone Sticks with a task until it is completed Seeks feedback and responsibility Is a problem solver Sees problems as challenges Sets parameters to measure success Caution: these people may sacrifice people to attain their goals. Achievement-motivated volunteers are ones who volunteer because they like to see the end result. These volunteers need to be careful that they don t let their goals get in the way of how they treat people. The young people we work with in 4-H are still the most important end product that we produce, not the exhibits they are working on! The Power-Oriented Person Wants to impact and influence others Works alone or in a group Likes to teach others Is responsive to needs of people or programs Power-oriented volunteers like to be in leadership positions and thrive there. We certainly need these volunteers in 4-H. Keeps focused on program goals Appreciates titles of authority Seeks and accepts position of authority and responsibility Is persuasive and self-starting Caution: these people may sacrifice people or programs to retain their personal power We need to caution these individuals to once again remember that the youth are the reason we do what we do. Their desire to exercise leadership may need to be tempered at times so that the youth can learn to lead themselves. 8 Discussion Questions Information found on Slide #18. Again, there are good and bad traits of each category. It s important to recognize these traits, capitalize on the positives and minimize the negatives. These questions are designed to help each of us think through why we are volunteers in the 4-H program and how we can best help our 4-H members develop to their full potential. Which of the categories of motivation do you best relate to? How can this category be used positively in the 4-H program? What cautions do you need to take as a member of this category? Conclusion and Quiz Information found on Slides # Briefly review the lesson and allow time for any questions from the volunteers related to the lesson. In this session we have defined a volunteer as someone who gives freely of their time or services. We then reviewed some trends in volunteerism and looked at statistics illustrating the value of volunteers. We have also seen how volunteers benefit the 4-H program and the youth participants. Finally, we looked at factors that influence people to volunteer (remember that asking is the most influential factor!) and some of the different motivational characteristics that encourage individuals to volunteer. Do you have any questions regarding this lesson? To conclude the lesson, we have a brief quiz for you to take related to this lesson. Distribute the quiz questions. Allow volunteers time to answer the questions. Provide the correct answers from the key provided in the lesson. You may choose to collect the quizzes or allow the volunteers to keep them as a review of the lesson. Distribute The Value of Volunteers fact sheet for volunteers to use for future reference. Refer the volunteers to the resources provided on Slide 20 for additional information. Thank the volunteers for their participation. It is the policy of the Purdue University Cooperative Extension Service, David C. Petritz, Director, that all persons shall have equal opportunity and access to the programs and facilities without regard to race, color, sex, religion, national origin, age, marital status, parental status, sexual orientation, or disability. Purdue University is an Affirmative Action institution. This material may be available in alternative formats. The Value of Volunteers Quiz 9 1. Define volunteer in your own words. 2. Which of the following volunteer trends is a true statement? a. Men volunteer more frequently than women. b. The average adult volunteer contributes over 5 hours each week. c. People who volunteer typically give their financial resources more generously. d. Volunteer hours are equivalent to 3 million full-time employees. 3. The number-one reason that people volunteer is 4. Identify a characteristic of a volunteer who is motivated by achievement. 10 - KEY - 1. Define volunteer in your own words. The Value of Volunteers Quiz Look for key words based on the definitions provided: A person who did unpaid work (except for expenses) through or for an organization. 2. Which of the following volunteer trends is a true statement? a. Men volunteer more frequently than women. (Women volunteer more frequently than men, 46% to 42%.) b. The average adult volunteer contributes over 5 hours each week. (Adult volunteers average 3.6 hours/week.) c. People who volunteer typically give their financial resources more generously. Correct! (On average, volunteers give $2,295 as compared to non-volunteers average giving of $1,009.) d. Volunteer hours are equivalent to 3 million full-time employees. (Volunteer hours are equivalent to over 9 million full-time employees.) 3. The number one reason that people volunteer is Someone asked them to do so! (71%) 4. Identify a characteristic of a volunteer who is motivated by achievement. Any of the following answers would be acceptable. Sets specific goals to meet Works well alone Sticks with a task until it is completed Seeks feedback and responsibility Is a problem-solver Sees problems as challenges Sets parameters to measure success May sacrifice people to attain their goals
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