Save Our Planet 2

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SAVE OUR PLANET Environmental & Pollutions issues in Colombia Environmentally, Colombia is a mega-diverse country from its natural land terrain to its biological…
SAVE OUR PLANET Environmental & Pollutions issues in Colombia Environmentally, Colombia is a mega-diverse country from its natural land terrain to its biological wildlife. Its biodiversity is a result of its geographical location and elevation. There are many environmental issues in Colombia. Issues include deforestation, soil erosion, illicit drug crops grown in national natural reserves by mafias (not peasants) and pollution on major bodies of water by corporations (backed up by unregulated / unsupervised. There is soil and water quality damage from contamination by the use of chemicals in the coca-refining process, spillage of crude oil into the local rivers as a result of guerrilla sabotage of pipelines, overuse of pesticides, and air pollution (especially in Bogotá) from vehicle emissions. Deforestation Colombia loses 2,000 km2 of forest annually to deforestation, according to the United Nations in 2003.Some suggest that this figure is as high as 3,000 km² due to illegal logging in the region. Deforestation results mainly from logging for timber, small-scale agricultural ranching, mining, development of energy resources such as hydro-electricity, infrastructure, cocaine production, and farming. Many of our territory is lose because all of this. Biodiversity loss Birds loss in Los Andes Colombia holds 18% of the world's bird species. The Andes alone is one of the most diverse areas in the world.However, bird species specifically in the San Lucas Andean mountain ranges are endangered. A study done in a 3000 ha reserve in Los Andes that conserves an extensive amount of endemic and small ranged bird species found 227 species in the region nine that pronounced threatened by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature four of these are endemic species to Colombia: the Munchique Wood-wren the Chestnut-bellied Flowerpiercer the Yellow-eared Parrot the Magdalena the Bicoloure Antvireo the Tanager Finch the Ruddy Pigeon the White-capped Tanager Red-bellied Grackle Wildlife trafficking The black market of animal trafficking is considered the second biggest threat to biodiversity in Colombia and the third most lucrative illegal enterprise.[5][6][11] Colombia has a seventy-year history of animal smuggling, in some cases impoverished families from the country side amplify their income by selling mafia groups lizards, monkey, and parrots. Sloths The biggest threat to sloth's survival in Colombia is the destruction and fragmentation of their habitat.[5] Three types of sloths’ species are distinguished in Colombia: the brown-throated three-toed sloth, Bradypus variegatus which inhabits the Pacific and Amazonian lowland rainforest and the Caribbean , the Hoffman's two-toed sloth, Choloepus hoffmanni prevails in the north along . Air pollution Bogota The capital of Colombia, Bogota, is the largest urban center of the country and one of the biggest cities in Latin America as it contains 6.5 million people.[13] Bogota also has the highest rate of air pollution in Colombia and it has surged most recently as a result of the expansion of cars in the city. Medellin Medellin is the second city in Colombia with the worst air quality, and within the city, Downtown Medellin is one of the most contaminated areas by car emissions.
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